NBSE Class-9| Alternative English Grammar Article

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In This chapter NBSE Class-9| Alternative English Grammar Article. which is a part of the class 9 syllabus of Alternative English for students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education:

NBSE Class-9| Alternative English Grammar Article

Here You can learn or understand this chapter’s notes and question answer for NBSE Syllabus, all the materials are given in the basic and easy to learn for the students. We describe all the questions answer briefly in every state.

Exercises

Answer these questions.

1. You are Ameeta Das/Arnab Das a Class IX student from The YPL School, Mussoorie. At your first meeting of the school’s Student Community Service Club, you read this quote in their pamphlet.

Student Community Service

Outreach activation complete your education “We shall not be asked how much pleasure we had in life, but how much service prided Now neccesful we were, but how generous not how happy we were but how helpful.

After volunteering for six months, you are convinced that outreach activities complete a student’s education. Write an article in 200 words for your school magazine, listing some of the club’s activities and how it shapes students into responsible adults. Title the article 

Integrating the Spirit of Caring and Sharing in Daily Student Life.

Ans:- Integrating the spirit of caring and sharing in students’

Daily Life

By Ameeta Das

Education is considered as the all round development in an individual’s life which enables him to lead a successful life and

overcome the challenges of life. As a student, learning from books alone will not help you to learn enough to learn these challenges. Students should involve in activities which will teach them practically. 

I volunteered in an outreach programme for six months and have learnt the importance of these kinds of activities in

students’ lives. I was fortunate to have got the opportunity a member of our school’s Students Community Service Clubs to be part of the group which rendered help to the society. For 6 months we, the members of the club, worked tirelessly to make tree plantation, cleaning the streets and helping the poor with clothes and food that we collected.

The pain and suffering meant nothing compared to the atisfaction we got from what little contributions we could make There were immense help from the school authority and other community service groups. Thus, these combined forces have bought great change in helping the students to be active members of the society and attain a higher status with hardwork and honesty. In conclusion I would like to urge everyone, especially school authorities, to give emphasis on these kinds of activities to ensure growth in students in all aspects.

2. You are Ria Agnihotri/Rahul Agnihotri, a Class IX student from Gurgaon. Your friends at school criticise vocational education for students. They feel it is a ‘waste of time’. They believe vocational programmes do not support future growth. 

Write an article in 200 words for your school magazine titled 

Vocational Education: Preparing for the Real World

Counter these negative views and explain the benefits of a hands-on approach to learning. Read what a few experts have to say about it before your write.

The smartest and quickest way to prepare young students for the real world is to grate work and learning.

Many of my skills needed to compete in the global market of the 21″ century fall o the technical/vocational area

Vocational skills develop excellence across all occupations and strongly promote the social and economic health of our society.

Ans:- Vocational Education: Preparing for the Real World By Rahul Agnihotri

Every man must have a vocation a trade, a business, or a profession in order to earn his livelihood. There are institutions for imparting various types of specialized training to help men qualify for this. The specialist is in demand everywhere, – in the office as well as in factories, and even in educational institutions.

There are schools for teaching medicine and engineering, accountancy and computer science. There are as many types of institutions for imparting vocational training as there are vocations. A person trained in one of these institutions will find greater scope to show his merits than one untrained. This is more than ever so today when vocations are multiplying, but ceased to be hereditary and child labour is becoming unlawful.

An untrained man in the modern world may even be a liability or burden to society. He is a quack; he knows only the ‘how’ of things; he has no idea of its ‘why’. Hence if there is any trouble anywhere, – breakdown in a machine, or mistake in a ledger. a mat-functioning of the gadget, he only pleads helplessness. grumbles and patches up the trouble anyhow, leading to a more serious fault. In reality there is no place for the untrained worker. in these days of specialised work.

In all technically advanced countries, like England. America, Russia, Germany, Japan only a few are encouraged to go up for a general education. The majority of young men have to attend a preparatory school till their eighteenth year or thereabout. and then join some vocational school. It may be a technical school

for learning the intricacies of bookkeeping and accountancy or If every household makes reduction of this to some extent, in the bigger picture, it will ensure a safer environment. Let us all come together and involve ourselves for this cause.

4. You are perturbed by a finding that most persons in their twenties see the task of exercising their voting right a futile waste of time of time. Write an article for the school newsletter informing your fellow students about how you feel on this issue. 

Ans:-Adult Franchise – Are the Young Pessimistic? By Johnson

Voting is perhaps the most important part of our Democratic government. Unfortunately, the young people of our country have not been very active in this participation. There are many reasons people may give for not voting. Some reasons for poor participation by young people are that they do not know enough about the candidates or the voting process. Others think it is hard to register to vote or do not know how to register. Still others believe that it is only one person and cannot make a difference. If many people took that view, and many do, it could mean hundreds of votes lost. That could decide the fate of a candidate.

Young voters need to know that voting is one of the simplest forms of being an active and empowered citizen but it is not the only one. Taking time out to allow themselves to become involved with their local government in some form, whether it is through a summer internship or just volunteering, is a way to be more empowered. There needs to be more reach-out opportunities coming from the mature generations that will engage not only newly enfranchised voters, but also those under the voting age as well. These do not have to necessarily be partisan programs, but one that would teach and instill the fundamental value and importance of each person’s vote. Adults should take part any way they can, especially in any mentoring programs that would enhance a young person’s understanding of the political process. Young voters, on the other hand, have to also take their future into their own hands. They have to realize that decisions elected officials make today will ultimately affect them when they become older adults. The power is in the vote and the vote can make anyone stop and listen. They have to understand that if they band together as a cohesive group and go out and vote their concerns can and will be listened to as much as older voters. What many young voters do not realize is that, unfortunately, politicians and candidates listen to the citizens that actually go out and vote the closest. They have a lot of constituents to reach so they will choose to spend more time on the concern of voters who they know will at least vote. This does not mean that all is lost, but young voters ultimately cannot wait for anyone else to make them count; they have to empower themselves and that has to start on Election Day.

Voting is important because we are fortunate enough to live in a country where everyone can vote, and almost anyone can run to become an elected official. If you do not vote, then you are giving up your right to vote, and your right to criticize our government. The only way to change something you do not like in our government is to vote for someone who has the interest and support to change that issue. I also believe that young people need to get out and vote otherwise our views will not be heard. We represent a new generation and need to elect officials who will consider our ideas when they vote on an issue. Voting sends your ideas all across the country, it does make a difference.

5. You are concerned about the importance given to cricket in your country and the neglect of other sports. Write an article for the school magazine voicing your concern. Suggest suitable remedies.

Ans:- Sports drowned in the Glamour of Cricket By Khrieno

It is a fact that people in India eat, live, sleep, talk and walk cricket. This is much to the extent that even our national sport Hockey gets overshadowed. The hue and cry over India’s early exit from the Twenty-Twenty World Cup and the negligence of our Hockey Team’s victory in the Azlanshah Cup for the second time in the row left a huge impact upon sports lovers. In the outrage of our emotions against the Indian cricket players and their ardent criticism, we forgot to give Vishvanathan Anand (who became the world champ in chess for the fourth time) and our own hockey team for winning laurels for the country the importance they deserved. I am sure that these laurels are in no way less than any cricket laurel, then the question arises why the step-motherly treatment meted out to other sports?

This is not the first time that such a scenario took place during May 2010, In 2008 when India won the T-20 World Cup and the Asia Cup in Hockey. The cricket players became heroes, welcomed by the state government on arrival in Mumbai, with the BCCI doling out large sums of money to the players. BCCI is a body for cricket, and it can give awards. But the Government has to appear broad-based and fair to all sports, and yet we know that is fiction. So, the hockey players, protested against the doling out of money to the players by State Governments.

Irked by the step-motherly treatment meted out to the Indian hockey players by the central and four state govemments, when compared to the SOPs given to cricketers after their win in the Twenty20 World Cup, the team members decided to go on a ‘hunger strike’.

National Chief Coach, Joaquim Carvalho strongly objected to the announcement of cash awards by the Civil Aviation Minister Praful Patel and the state governments of Maharashtra, Haryana, Jharkhand and Karnataka to the cricketers while ignoring the victory of his wards in the Asian Continental Championship.

Some feel that Cricket in India is becoming an obstacle in the progress of other sports. M.S Gill, the sports minister of the country painstakingly said. “Television, commercialization and the advertising world have promoted cricket to an extent that it has become a Mount Everest, which is badly affecting other sports in the country.” Now whether Cricket has sounded a death knell to other sports is perhaps a debatable issue, but there is full truth that an equal exposure is not given to all sports in the country. Many budding players in sports like shooting, lifting, etc. cannot continue their passion due to lack of governmental aid provided to them at International level which is not the case with cricket.

Hence there is a need to reform the administration. infrastructure, training and facilities given to players of other sports than cricket in order for them to perform well. Other sports have the full right to move up the pecking order.

6. Write an article for ‘Travel India’, a travel and tourism magazine. Describe one place of tourist interest you have visited. Remember to mention why you enjoyed your trip and what you would like prospective visitors to do to make their visit comfortable and fun.

Ans:-

Sikkim-A Heaven of Natural Beauty By Kuldib Thappa

“The best and most beautiful things in the world cannot be seen or even touched. They must be felt with the heart”, said Helen Keller. For Sikkim this is a fact because though you can see the beauty of Sikkim and even touch its enchanting mounts and valleys, flora and fauna, but there is no Sikkim in that, Sikkim lies in a feeling- a feeling of natural beauty casting its shadow on its innocent women, a feeling of loftiness and confidence which the Kanchenjunga, the 3rd highest mountain in the world and a peak of the Himalayas, instills into its brave sons, a feeling of mystery and tranquility that its monasteries and isolated caverns echo in that sanctified and enthralling atmosphere. So, Sikkim invites you, if you are the one whose aesthetic sense is superb. and the one who longs to spend a moment in the lap of Mother Nature. An independent kingdom before 1975, this “last Shangri-La” (forbidden place), really forbidden to the outside world for decades. Sikkim – the second smallest state of India lying in the North-East – is now open to you with all its abiding charms.

Sikkim has everything that a tourist can long to see. Apart from Gangtok, the state capital, there are several other small but charming places which have an alluring beauty. They are: Bakhim, Dzongri, Varsey, Yumthang, and many more. In fact, the whole Sikkim is enchanting. Nearly 40% of the species of birds found all over India and the neighboring countries like Nepal, Bhutan and Tibet have their home in Sikkim. An interesting phenomenon is that the vegetable and animal kingdom in Sikkim keep changing constantly completely relieving you of monotony. If you have visited Sikkim four times in a year, in different seasons, you will come across different species of birds, animals and plants. Isn’t it

peculiar? Sikkim is also a ‘floral paradise’ with over 4000 species of plants and flowers and it is in Sikkim where the International Flower Festival is celebrated in the beginning of Summer season every year. It is the land of lakes, glaciers and waterfalls shedding their endless charm forever. And it is the native place of a cross- section of humanity with various religious and cultural backgrounds. Bhutias, Lepchas and Nepalese are original Sikkimese but now you will find there a number of other tribes and groups-all living with a superb sense of blending and tolerance

Sikkim is also a very special place for the animal kingdom. This Himalayan region abounds in faunal beauty and there are hosts of parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the whole of Sikkim. Some important sanctuaries are: Kanchenjunga National Park, Fabong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary, etc. Most of these sanctuaries are close to Gangtok, the capital city of Sikkim. The Kanchenjunga National Park, spread in over 850 sq. km., is particularly important and here you will find various kinds of leopards, Himalayan Black Bear, Carnivora, Blue Sheep, Himalayan Tahr (a kind of goat), Goral, Musk Deer, etc. If you are, however, more interested in flowers rather than animals, you will surely like to visit Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary which is enriched with varieties of alpine flowers like Poppies, Primulas and Rhododendron. For people of such a ‘floral taste’, another important site may be Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary abounding in hundreds of species of orchids and ferns. roses and cacti, creepers and climbers and other plants.

The entire trip gave me an exhilarating experience. I felt much closer to the beauty of nature experiencing the beauty of nature.

7. Television and cable channels are bringing the world closer. You are concerned that the nations of the world are losing their individual cultures. Write an article for your school magazine stating your views on the subject. 

Ans:-The Impact of Visual Media on Cultures of Nations By Rosemary

The role of technological development in society has long been an interesting area and an important intellectual issue for both academics and researchers. The influence of technological development is changing the present world very rapidly. Changes are taking place in all spheres of life and ultimately changing the social and cultural belief systems. Technological advancement is the one which is playing a major role for this change. The introduction of satellite television is one of the dimensions of this technological advancement which has a definite effect on the social and cultural area.

Studies on the consequences of mass media exposure demonstrate that effects are varied and reciprocal the media impact audiences and audiences also impact media by the intensity and frequency of their usage. The results of mass media for promoting social change, especially in developing countries, have become important for public health. Like other countries in the world the emergence of satellite television brings significant impact on the country, society and particularly on cultural mores and values. Television viewership is no more restricted to the upper-middle class only; with the availability of low-priced television and cable connection, it has become a common household facility for the lower class as well.

Viewers have access to a variety of channels from local to foreign, which provide them an opportunity to watch all types of programs. These media sources expose viewers to new information about the outside world and other ways of life, which may affect attitudes and behaviors as well as the overall culture.

Media impact on various social, economic, political and cultural areas, is one of the concerns and sensitivities of politicians Identity, beliefs and values of a community have been affected by various sociability sources including group media such as TV internet and especially satellite in recent years. By appearing satellite, globalization as a process which is the product of communication global industry, has become the origin of community variations and has led to cultures transnational up (Thompson, 2000) and changing the concept of publicity in public domain. An issue which has attracted the attention of many scholars, pundits, and politicians around the world is negative or positive effects of satellite programmes and contents on the status of humans’ social life. Some people believe that, using satellite is an opportunity and knowledge for cultural social communications. political participation, creativity and innovation and etc. and some other emphasize on disadvantages and negative points of the satellite. There are some concerns about cultural invasion to religious and national culture in Iran due to increasing use of satellite equipment and increasing rate of benefiting direct broadcast satellite programmes.

In this period, cultural tools are applied with elegance and latency to westernize the entire world in the framework of transnational companies’ benefits so that, it is not like an invasive movement and on the other hand, many experts and statesmen believe that, mesmerized global acceptance of the west is necessary to develop their countries and they try acquisition and dissemination of the western culture.

In the new colonial period, the impact of mass media is such that, in terms of technological it has been highly diverse and complex compared with a century ago. The cultural impact method is done by promoting western goods, tools, knowledge and beliefs in the world countries and usually these promotions are along with a thick cover of being scientific and apolitical, this kind of promotion raises the least resistance particularly that, it relies on meeting the simplest human needs. Satellite as an effective tool on other nations’ culture is nowadays as the most effective tool which has affected different dimensions of the social life. Identity is one of these dimensions which its different aspects consist of social identity, personal identity, religious identity, ethnic identity, occupational identity and family identity that are affected directly and indirectly by satellite.

In our age, the communities have been faced with changes and transformation more than every other period so that, social scientists believe that, the combination and integration. communication technologies and restructuring of capitalism in recent years have caused to open a new stage in human societies history.

Class-9 Alternative English Notes/Solutions

Chapter No.Chapter’s Name
PROSE
Chapter 1On The Rule Of the Road
Chapter 2The Ogress and the two Orphans
Chapter 3The Indomitable spirit of Youth
Chapter 4The tunguska Event: Siberia 1908
Chapter 5The Devoted friends
POETRY
Chapter 6Sonnet – To Science
Chapter 7The character of a Happy Life
Chapter 8Mother’s Tears
Chapter 9The Soul’s Prayer
DRAMA
1.The Tale of Ivan the Fool
GRAMMAR
1.Auxiliaries
2.Articles
3.Tenses
4.Reported speech
5.Punctuation
Reading
WRITING
1.Story Writing
2.Dialogue
3.Article
4.Newspaper Report
SPEAKING
1.Listening Transcripts

8. Your colony’s librarian is concerned about the misuse of the library by various people. She wants you to write an article in about 200 words on behaviour in a library and on the right way to treat books. Your article is to be published in the library’s journal. 

Ans:-

Libraries- Do’s and Don’t’s

By Jonathan

Most libraries have two golden rules: no eating, and no talking. Clearly, these are both very sensible. Without them students would be unable to concentrate on their books which would, in any case, be covered in jam.

But the no-eating, no-talking arrangement is nowhere near as clear-cut as it might seem.

Moderation is the key when it comes to food. While I would argue there’s little harm in enjoying something fizzy and a packet of Walkers’ finest while you study, a line has to be drawn somewhere.

A classmate once sat down next to me, produced several tupperware containers filled with hot food from his backpack, cracked open a can of energy drink and began to watch ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’ on his laptop. When it comes to the rules on talking, I’m almost as fierce as the librarians.

When your phone rings in a library, standard procedure is to make for the nearest exit adopting that strange movement (also used by people walking out of theatres before the end) which is part run, part walk and part crouch. Anyone who answers the phone saying “I’m in the library” and then proceeds to have a lengthy conversation should be expelled. My two-item list of library rules is, of course, hardly exhaustive.

9. Write an article of 200 words for the newsletter of your school’s social sciences club, on the topic ‘Remembering our freedom fighters”.

Ans:-

Remembering our Freedom Fighters

By Thomas

We are at the threshold of the 68th year of Indian independence. Had it not been for the freedom struggle waged by our patriotic forefathers, we would not be living in a free and secular country. How many Indians actually give a thought to the significance of Independence Day? How relevant is it to the younger generation today?

Beginning with the Sepoy Mutiny in the year 1857, there were many people who fought for our freedom and even laid down their lives. But the most prominent of these was Mahatma Gandhi. A lean figure clad in a dhoti holding a stick, Mahatma Gandhi’s main principle was ahimsa or non-violence. He did not believe in war and wanted to attain freedom without bloodshed. Had it not been for him and his followers India would not have been a free country.

Pandit Nehru is better known as the first Prime Minister of independent India and the father of Indira Gandhi, rather than as the person who signed the agreement with the Viceroy Lord Mountbatten and ensured that the British left India. Not many youngsters would even know that it was Nehru who gave the speech “India’s Tryst with Destiny” at the stroke of midnight.

Not many of our youngsters know about Sardar Vallabhai Patel’s iron will and indomitable courage, and how he brought together 500 princely states within the Indian Union something that had not been possible even for the British.

The principles of truth, patience, perseverance and determination that marked India’s struggle for independence are all lost on the younger generation. The youth of today are brought up in a world that has seen much violence hatred and ill will. Apart from countries fighting and shedding blood, they are also mute spectators to communal strife and violence between ethnic communities within India.

In fact there aren’t too many people who know much about Mahatma, Pandit Nehru and Sardar Vallabhai Patel. The younger generation would have read about the Mahatma in their textbooks.

seen the movie ‘Gandhi’ by Richard Attenborough and seen his photograph on our currency. But there would be very few who would know about his philosophy, his sacrifices and the many times that he was thrown in jail by the British.

It is no longer the means but the end that matters to Generation Next. Do you think the principles of our freedom fighters have been lost forever? Or have they been replaced by a new creed that is more practical in today’s world? Are ambition and achievement the driving forces in India today?

10. What can a student do to get rid of the social evils that still exist in our society? Write an article on this topic in about 200 words.

Rate of a student in eliminating social evils

by Jonathan

Ans:– Today’s youth is tomorrow’s adult generation. Now we may not take any big step to eradicate social evil but we can prepare our minds so that when we become adults we will not support social evil. We, at this moment, can orally fight with the social criminals, put up posters in our neighbourhood to decrease the social evils such as caste system, apartheid, child marriage; rape etc…….that’s all we can do now. When we become adults we won’t be like this adult generation. We will be a generation that will eradicate social evil. The journey to our future begins today. What is sown today is what is reaped tomorrow. Preparing our mind to stand against the prevailing social evils tomorrow starts today. It is important to consider that every individual tomorrow will be able to say “when I become an Adult I won’t support social evil nor be a social criminals”. Change in the society depends on the individuals who live in it. If the individuals need change in the society they should change themselves not when they are tormented by what they have not changed but when their minds are receptive.

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