NBSE Class-9| Alternative English| Chapter-5 The Devoted friends

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In This chapter NBSE Class-9| Alternative English| Chapter-5 The Devoted friends, which is a part of the class 9 syllabus of Alternative English for students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education:

NBSE Class-9| Alternative English| Chapter-5 The Devoted friends

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PROSE

CHAPTER-5

1. Explain with reference to context. 

1. He lived in a tiny cottage all by himself, and every day he worked in his garden. In all the country-side, there was no garden so lovely as his. Sweet-william grew there, and Gilly- flowers, and Shepherds’-purses, and Fair-maids of France. 

a. Who is the “he” referred to here? 

Ans:- Here, the “he” is referred to Hans. 

b. What was his most distinguishing quality? 

Ans:- Hans’ most distinguishing quality was his kind heartedness. 

c.Who was supposedly his best friend? 

Ans: Hugh, the Miller was supposedly Hans’ best friend. 

2. Lots of people act well,’ answered the Miller, ‘but very few people talk well, which shows that talking is much the more difficult thing of the two, and much the finer thing also’. He looked sternly across the table at his little son, who felt so ashamed of himself that he hung his head down, and grew quite scarlet, and began to cry into his tea. 

a. Why was the Miller’s son ashamed of himself? 

Ans:- The Miller’s son was ashamed of himself on hearing his father say that it is finer to talk well rather than to act well. According to the Miller, only few people have the ability to do so. His son, on the other hand, believed that friendship is

give and take business and so the Miller should help Hans in times of his trouble. 

b. Was the Miller justified in making his son feel ashamed? 

Ans:- No, the Miller was not justified in making his son feel ashamed. 

C. Do you agree with the Miller that talking well is harder. than acting well? 

Ans:- No, talking well is not harder than acting well. In fact, it is harder to put our words into action. Anyone can say and talk as one likes but it takes a great deal of strength, courage and a willing heart to put those words into an act. 

II. Answer these questions briefly. 

1. What did the neighbours think about the friendship between Hans and the Miller? 

Ans:- The neighbours thought it strange that the Miller never gave little Hans anything though he was very rich and Hans very poor. Despite the Miller’s claim that he was Hans’ very dear friend he did not care about the well being of Hans. 

2. How did Hans die? Was this just? 

Ans:- Hans died on his way back to the Miller’s place with the doctor whom the Miller asked him to call. He was drowned in the deep holes on the moor when he lost his way. No, Hans’ death was not just at all.

III. Answer these questions. 

1. Why was it difficult for Hans to say ‘no’ to the Miller? State your reasons. 

Ans:- Hans was a very innocent person who believed everything the Miller had told him, especially his sweet words on friendship. The Miller, with his words, would compel him to leave his works and help him everytime he was asked for his help. Whenever, Hans thought of expressing to help the Miller, he would be told about the wheelbarrow which the Miller said he would offer him for his friendship. He would also be Ti compelled by being told about loyalty in friendship. 

2. Why are there two sets of characters? (bird-water-rat duck/humans) Explain. 

Ans:- There are two sides of characters in the story; bird-water- rat- duck in one side and humans on the other to show that friendship is something that every creature needs. The narration of the story of the humans by the former indicates the resemblance in the characters. 

IV. Going Beyond 

1. “Friendship is the hardest thing in the world to explain. It’s not something you learn in school. But if you haven’t learned the meaning of friendship, you really haven’t learned anything.” 

Do you agree with this view? Share your views in an essay of 150 words. 

Ans:- Friendship is one of the most precious gifts of life. A person who has true friends in life is lucky enough. Friendship makes life thrilling. It makes life sweet and a pleasant experience. Friendship is indeed, an asset in life. It can lead us to success or to doom. It all depends on how we choose our friends. 

True friendship is a feeling of love, sharing and caring. It is a feeling that someone understands and appreciates you as you are, without any exaggeration, flattery and pretensions. It gives a feeling that you are ‘wanted’ and that you are ‘someone’ and not a faceless being in the crowd. A true friend stands by you through thick and thin. True friendship knows no boundaries or demarcations of caste, creed, race etc 

Friendship is both good and necessary. Man cannot live all alone. He is a social being. He needs someone to share his joys and sorrows. Generally, it is only the people of the same age, character and background, mentality, etc., who can understand him and understand his problems. Friends are needed for support and for sharing. Friendship is an elixir which is essential for a happy life. 

They are needed to turn to when one is in trouble, and facing difficulties. According to the great Roman Statesman Cicero “Friendship increases happiness and diminishes misery by doubling our joy and dividing our grief”. Friends are needed in every stage of life. Friendship has no age limit. Every group of people- children, youth, elders, very elderly people, etc. have their friends. However, it is better to have friends of the same age group and cultural backgrounds. 

We need to select our friends very carefully. We have to remember the maxim “All that glitters is not gold”. In the same manner, we must not be moved by apparent show of friendship. Many remain with us in the guise of good friends and lead us to the wrong path. Today, many youngsters have become social nuisance mainly due to wrong company and bad friends. 

We spent much of our time with them. Their mental outlook, behaviour, attitudes affect us too. Therefore, we have to choose our friends very carefully. We have to distinguish between fair-weather friends and true friends. True friends remain with us through thick and thin while fair-weather friends are found only during sunny days. 

Lasting friendship is indeed, a blessing. Good friends are great pillars of life. They help us to stand tall and erect in life. Friendship can make or break us. It can lead to good careers and proper living. It does not matter how often you meet your friends, but how much you care and feel for another in good times as well as in bad times. True friendship is a great asset in life. 

2. Are stories with morals annoying to read? Write a short paragraph, explaining your view. 

Ans:- Stories with morals may annoy a person when the characters in the story point out the qualities in the latter which are not encouraged in society. But on consideration of the moral values depicted in the story it serves a greater purpose. To me personally, stories with moral evoke emotion and interest me. The triumph of the good convinces me and helps me to improve myself. These characteristics make stories with moral interesting.

Class-9 Alternative English Notes/Solutions

Chapter No.Chapter’s Name
PROSE
Chapter 1On The Rule Of the Road
Chapter 2The Ogress and the two Orphans
Chapter 3The Indomitable spirit of Youth
Chapter 4The tunguska Event: Siberia 1908
Chapter 5The Devoted friends
POETRY
Chapter 6Sonnet – To Science
Chapter 7The character of a Happy Life
Chapter 8Mother’s Tears
Chapter 9The Soul’s Prayer
DRAMA
1.The Tale of Ivan the Fool
GRAMMAR
1.Auxiliaries
2.Articles
3.Tenses
4.Reported speech
5.Punctuation
Reading
WRITING
1.Story Writing
2.Dialogue
3.Article
4.Newspaper Report
SPEAKING
1.Listening Transcripts

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