NBSE Class-9| Alternative English| Chapter-1 On The Rule Of the Road

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In This chapter NBSE Class-9| Alternative English| Chapter-1 On The Rule Of the Road, which is a part of the class 9 syllabus of Alternative English for students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education:

NBSE Class-9| Alternative English| Chapter-1 On The Rule Of the Road

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I. Explain with reference to context. 

1. There is a danger of the world getting liberty-drunk these days, like the old lady with the basket, and it is just as well to remind ourselves of what the rule of the road means. 

a. What does the writer mean by “liberty-drunk?” 

Ans:- By “liberty drunk” the writer means the misuse of freedom on account of one’s wrong sense of liberty. If the allowance of liberty thrills somebody to the extent of disturbing other’s liberty it is called ‘Liberty-drunk’ 

b. How is the old woman “liberty drunk?” 

Ans:- The old woman, a pedastrian in the street of petrograd, is “liberty-drunk” in the sense that she was walking down the middle of the road under the illusion that her liberty permited her to walk where she liked disregarding how it would lead to universal chaos by creating great confusion to the traffic. 

c. What does the rule of the road imply? 

Ans:- The rule of the road implies the concept that for the purpose of perserving the liberties of all, the liberties of evrybody must be curtailed. Cutting short of liberty prevent one from infringing upon other’s freedom.

2. If I choose to go down the road in a dressing-gown, who shall say me nay? You have liberty to laugh at me, but I have liberty to be indifferent to you. And if I have a fancy for dyeing my hair, or waxing my moustache (which, heaven forbid), or wearing an overcoat and sandals, or going to bed late, or getting up early, I shall follow my fancy and ask no man’s permission. 

Choose the correct answer. 

i) The tone of this extract is: 

a. sarcastic 

b. defensive 

c. humorous 

Ans:- Defensive 

II. Answer these questions briefly.. 

1. How does Gardiner illustrate the argument that individual liberty can easily convert to social anarchy? 

Ans:- Gardiner illustrates that unrestricted individual liberty can result in universal chaos. Everybody would be getting in everybody else’s way and nobody would get anywhere. Thus individual liberty becomes social anarchy. 

2. Is Gardiner’s policeman a symbol of tyranny or liberty? Explain. 

Ans:- Gardiner’s policeman is a symbol of liberty which may not appear so to many people. He restricts individual liberty to allow social order which actually makes individual liberty a reality.

Class-9 Alternative English Notes/Solutions

Chapter No.Chapter’s Name
Chapter 1On The Rule Of the Road
Chapter 2The Ogress and the two Orphans
Chapter 3The Indomitable spirit of Youth
Chapter 4The tunguska Event: Siberia 1908
Chapter 5The Devoted friends
Chapter 6Sonnet – To Science
Chapter 7The character of a Happy Life
Chapter 8Mother’s Tears
Chapter 9The Soul’s Prayer
1.The Tale of Ivan the Fool
4.Reported speech
1.Story Writing
4.Newspaper Report
1.Listening Transcripts

III. Answer these questions. 

1. Look at anyone example that Gardiner uses. How does this appeal to you? How does the example serve the purpose? 

Ans:- The example of the old lady with bag who claims she has the liberty to walk wherever she wishes to appeals me most. It is a very good example of how people misinterpret the liberty they are granted .It shows the ignorance of many individual, who on the pretext of individual liberty create social chaos. 

2. Prove that the rule of the road is the foundation of social conduct. 

Ans:- The rule of the road is an instance of social conduct. The road, which is a common property of all individuals, requires an order that will prevent social chaos. For this purpose, individual liberty is restricted to certain extent. The rules are applicable to all on equal basis irrespective of who and what an individual is. 

3. What makes Gardiner’s instructive essay charming? Explain. 

Ans:-The illustration of conduct that every individual must heed. to is what makes this essay charming. The essay contains values which must be given utmost importance yet which everybody takes for granted. As social being, every member of the society. has a role to play in preserving the liberty of everyone and in establishing a social order and this essay talks about the same in a very convincing way with appropriate illustrations.

IV. Going Beyond 

1. It is the little habits of commonplace intercourse that make up the great sum of life and sweeten or make bitter the journey. 

Think of two other places where we interact with people on a daily basis. How do the encounters here ‘sweeten’ or ‘make bitter’ the journey of life? Write an essay of 150 words. 

Ans:- The little habits of common place intercourse play very important role in our social life. They form the base of what an encounter would turn into. The agreeable or disagreeable nature of different individuals, the encounter on daily basis shows how important these habits are. 

Imagining oneself in a busy place like the front desk of an office or business enterprise is a good example of encounter with people who change the entire environment better or worse according to what they show of themselves to others. The sensible thought and action of reasonable people would make the other work as well as others much easier. Likewise, consideration of oneself as a reasonable citizen of the society by putting restriction on one’s liberty like availing benefits at the cause of others’ benefits requires these habits. If an individual is unaware of these habits and their importance he or she will never put thoughts in limiting the individual liberty to allow social order.

2. In order that the liberties of all may be preserved, the liberties of everybody must be curtailed. 

Work in groups of four. Identify and discuss four areas where freedom must be controlled for the larger good of society. Share your views with the class. 

Ans:- Four areas where freedom must be controlled for the larger good of society. 

(a) Limitation of individual liberty when it comes to claiming one’s land or encroachment of the same where public roads are constructed. 

(b) Individual liberty of expression must have restriction in public places to allow social harmony. 

(c) Individual liberty must have restriction on any publications which violate public decency and morality. 

(d) Society must curb individual liberty on ground of Tumaintaining security.

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