NBSE Class-10| Alternative English Grammar Article

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In This chapter NBSE Class-10| Alternative English Grammar Article. which is a part of the class 10 syllabus of Alternative English for students studying under Nagaland Board of School Education:

NBSE Class-10| Alternative English Grammar Article

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2. Article

Write an article in 100-150 words. Use the prompts given below. Give a title to your article.

1. Tourism – the travel-based recreation – helps people break from the monotony – brings people of different nations together – scenic beauty and past heritage of a country – knowledge and experience gained – greater understanding and tolerance – fosters world peace – generates employment – adds to the entre- preneurial wealth of a nation – advantages are many – undesirable side-effects – raised fresh problems – damage is most in wildlife parks, the foremost sites of tourist attraction – vans and the visitors’ feet destroy the ground vegetation-overcrowding brings about congestion-leads to environmental and health hazards – promote safe tourism – imperative to understand the factors the hamper the growth- check them effectively.

Ans.

Tourism: Advantages and Disadvantages

Tourism is a travel based recreation. It helps people break from the monotony of daily life. When a man is on tour and visits a new place, he is free from the hectic and dull routine of his usual life. Tourism brings the people of different nations together. We have various chances to see and enjoy the scenic beauty and past heritage of a country. We study the life style of the people of that country. We experi- ence their custom and civilization. We come in contact with their languages, dresses, food habits etc. We gain knowledge and experience about the country and its people. It creates greater understanding and sense of tolerance within us. When tourists start visiting a place, it generates employment for the local people because a tourist needs food, shelter and a guide for the number of days he lives there. Thus, tourism has many advantages.

But it has its undesirable side effects, too. In recent years, we have seen that tourism has raised fresh problems. Wildlife parks which are the fore- most sites of tourist attraction are damaged by tourists. Vans and other motor vehicles and the tourists’ feet destroy the ground vegetation. Overcrowding by tourists brings about congestion. It leads to environ- mental and health hazards. But such problems can be solved easily if we promote clean, safe and system- atic tourism. We will have to understand the factors that hamper the growth and try to check them effectively. As a whole, we can say that tourism can boost the economy of a country if it is promoted in a proper way.

2.Vacation is over, it’s back to school – parents worries about their wards’ demands – all new things for school teachers concerned about how to engage students – extra-curricular activities, inauguration of clubs, fresh academic material for the year- students’ fear and uncertainties about new syllabus, new teacher, sometimes even new class- mates or friend – Principals planning for annual activities – Founder’s day, Sports Day, Cultural Week……

Ans.   Fresh Beginning

Just after the annual examinations, the vacation was declared for a month. Children enjoyed to their satisfaction. Now the vacation is over and students are back to school with fresh vigour and enthusiasm. But they have their apprehensions, too.

Parents are worried about their wards’ demands for the new class. Fresh demands means growing expenses. They are going to empty their pockets. In the school, along with the classes, extra-curricular activities are going to be started. New clubs will be formed like students’ Welfare Clubs, Eco Club; Cultural Club, Games and Sports Club etc.

Students have their own fears and uncertainties about the new syllabus. They don’t know who are going to be their new teachers for various subjects. They are ignorant of their potential, shortcoming, and temperament. All the teachers are, not the well- experienced and students’ friendly. They are also thinking about their new classmates and their activi- ties. They are trying to guess about the Principal’s planning for annual activities and celebrations, such as Founder’s Day, Sports’ week, Cultural Week etc.

As a whole, it’s going to be a fresh beginning. 

3. Our country is flooded with call centres providing services to companies at a fraction of the cost they would have to pay in their own countries. Most of our young people are happy to earn money quickly. This means that fewer and fewer young persons are going in for research and development work. You are concerned that this would lead to an intellectual vacuum in India. Write an article for the magazine Youth Spark highlighting this issue.

Ans. Call Centres Creating an Intellectual Vaccum

: John

Youth Spark Magazine, New Delhi. Our country has developing economy. We are poor in comparison to the developed countries of the world. We have a fast growing population which increases by leaps and bounds. After completion of graduation, every youth is eager to earn money for his/her livelihood. When a youth secures employment somewhere, he stops thinking about other things. he is not ambitious. He is satisfied with whatever he has.

In recent years many Multi-National Compa- nies (MNC’s) have flooded in our country. They have established their call centres which provide services to companies at a fraction of the cost they would have to pay in their own countries. They employ young people of our country in their call centres. As Indians can speak English fluently, they easily secure the job and start earning money. If these foreign companies employ the people of their own countries they will have to pay at least 2000 to 3000 dollars to each and every employee. But in India they can pay nearly 20,000 rupees and employ the youth. Two thousand dollars means more than one lac twenty thousand rupees. But by paying just 20,000 rupees which is the 1/6th of 2 thousand dollars, they hire the services of our youth.

On one hand it seems that they are helping us by creating employment for the youth of the country. But what is the reality? No youth goes for research and development work. Young persons don’t take interest in higher studies. I am concerned to think that this would lead to an intellectual vacuum in India. It will badly affect the future development of our country. Proper steps should be taken to encour- age the youth for higher studies and research work.

4.Education is a right every citizen of this country in entitled to. Look at this advertisement and write an article in 200 words. Subhag Lal is an example of how a little help can make a profound difference not only to an individual but to an entire community. Write an article about a person (real/imaginary) who has helped the community by educating the under- privileged.

Ans. Educate the Under Privileged

There are laws against bonded labour. There can’t be bonded labour in the country. But who cares for the laws? In remote areas where there is no development and people are backward and illiterate, bonded labour is still going on. Some children are born as bonded labourers and die as bonded labourers. They are ignorant of the words like liberty, freedom etc. They have accepted it as fate and don’t complain against it even if they are exploited, beaten and tortured.

But in the dark world of frustration, still there is a ray of hope, a silver lining. That ray of hope is education. Education can change the whole scenerio. Take the example of Subhag Lal. He was born into bonded labour. He was ignorant of literacy. He was from an advansi community in Gharaval in U.P. His community was famous for carpet weaving. As children their fingers were busy weaving patterns. They did not know how to hold a pen among their fingers. For generations, they were born into bondage. Landlords used to exploit them by taking away their lands. They were not even paid minimum wages.

At least luck smiled on them. The Children Welfare Society and CRY jointly started their venture and liberated the children. They started evening classes for the children and the others. They made them aware of their rights and taught them how to read and write. After a year or so, those who were educated started educating others and this movement spread very fast to 28 villages. They got back 250 acres of their land and five schools were opened in those areas. Subhag Lal continued his education and became a graduate. Now he has become a Pradhan and ensures that the children of his village should be free to follow their dreams.

This example proves that education can completely change the lives of the underprivileged and liberate them from slavery and exploitation.

5.Write an article for the magazine Earth Times high- lighting the importance of conserving water.

Ans.    Water Conservation

: APPI

Earth Times, New Delhi

Fresh and clean water is a limited resource. Occurances such as droughts limit the access to clean and fresh water. In our country, some parts are there which become flooded during rainy season whereas some parts have scarcity of water in most of the seasons. So, we should try to ensure the conservation of water and help the suffering countrymen by abstaining from misuse of water. Ensuring the avilability of water for future generation we can take some important steps.

In hilly areas or the areas where water scarcity is there, rainwater harvesting can be used for water conservation. Rainwater harvesting is a process of collection of rainwater from surfaces on which rain falls, filtering it and storing it for multiple uses. Rain- water is collected from roofs and buildings and then stored in a special tank.

In our daily life, we can do a lot of things for water conservation and stop the misuse of water. We should turn the water off when brushing our teeth or washing our hair. We should water our lawns only when it is needed. From time to time we should check our hoses and pipes for leaks, cracks and other damages. They can destroy water. We should install water saving devices and use low-flow shower heads. A dual flush toilet should be used to promote water conservation. We should teach our kids how to conserve water and help them do it. We should use broom instead of hose to clean our sideways or side walks. This can save several gallons of water every- day.

6..6.You are running a career guidance cell in your school. You have to contribute an article on choosing a career, to be published in your school magazine.

Ans.     Choose a Career

:A.K.S.

After passing the examinations of Class X, what should a student do? Well, those who are financially capable of spending money can continue their higher education. But if a student is poor and there’s pressure from the side of the family to get ready to earn, he should at least join a diploma course of me- chanical, civil or electrical engineering and become a junior engineer. The course lasts for two years and after the completion of the course, he can secure a service. By that time he has already completed eighteen years, he is employed as junior engineer. Since it is the practical field, no one remains unemployed. He may start his own work- shop and earn money.

If a student continues his studies after class ten and completes his class XII with PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics), he may take admission in B.Tech or B.E. This course lasts for four years and after the successful completion of the course, he would be employed as an engineer. He would earn a better salary and his future prospect would be very bright.

If a student is not interested in science and mathematics, or if he/she is not capable of paying the fees for engineering courses, He/she should join B.Com. with Accountancy or management honours after the completion of Class XII. B.Com. lasts for three years. After the successful completion of B.Com., he/she can join one-year or two year computer course and can easily be employed some- where. If he/she is intelligent in commerce, after B.Com Hon’s, he/she can join MBA or CA where golden future is waiting for him/her.

In case a student is interested in neither Science nor Commerce, he/she should better join English Hons. or Economic Hons. After the successful completion of the course, he/she may join B.Ed. course for a year and become a teacher in a High School.

7. You feel that young people are becoming increasingly rude and discourteous. Write an article in about 200 words to a weekly magazine on how people should inculcate common courtesy in their social interaction.

Ans. Inculcate Common Courtesy in Social Interaction

:A.K.S.

Illustrated India, Delhi

It has been observed that the young people of the present time are becoming increasingly rude and impertinent. They remain tense and are always ready to make a physical clash with others. Everyday everyhour we see the examples of growing intoler- ance among them. New channels and newspapers expose them everyday but they don’t improve themselves. I would like to give them some tips to inculcate common courtesy in their social interac- tion.

First of all, we should develop the habit of greeting others. We should welcome a person with a simple greeting or a firm hand shake while looking at the person directly in the eyes. We should appear to be genuinely concerned about the person. Such greet- ings are an expression of our interest in the person. It can work wonders in building co-operation between people.

Secondly, we should engage ourselves in simple conversation. If a person is not willing to start a conversation, another should take the initiative by asking the others, “How are you?” or “What do you

think?”

Thirdly, we may ask for advice form a colleague. It accomplishes two things. We may get the answer we seek and it says to the person that we trust and respect his opinion. This leads to mutual trust and respect between people.

Fourthly, we should always be polite and courteous. A little courtesy can go a long way towards building faithful relationship.

Fifthly, people like optimists as opposed to pessimists. As such, we should always be looking for reasons why something shuold be done, as opposed to reasons why it shouldn’t. So, we should always be positive while talking to others.

Sixthly, we should be observant. People are easily flattered when someone compliments them on a change. It means we are perceptive and inter- ested in the person. Both these things put us in good standing with the other person.

Lastly, we should be honest. Nothing builds trust better than honesty. Honesty is the basic building block of confidence. Having an honest character conveys an image that we are dependable, that our world is our bond and that you can be trusted to do the right things. We should give credit to the person where credit is due.

Class-10 Alternative English Notes/Solutions

Chapter No.Chapter’s Name
PROSE
Chapter 1The Fragrance of The Gods
Chapter 2Man Against Virus
Chapter 3Speech by Severn Suzuki
Chapter 4In Celebration of Being Alive
Chapter 5The Ambitious Guest
POETRY
Chapter 1To Sleep
Chapter 2Prayer of the Meek
Chapter 3Closed Path
Chapter 4Old Folks Laugh
GRAMMAR
1.Degree of Comparison
2.Conjunctions
3.Prepositions
4.Active and Passive Voice
5.Clauses
Reading
WRITING SKILLS
1.Newspaper Report
2.Article
3.Story-Writing
4.Dialogue
AUTOBIOGRAPHY
The Diary of a Young Girl

8.Write an article in about 150 words on changing fashion trends to Youth Times.

Ans.    Fashion trends among the youth

:A.K.S.

Youth Times, New Delhi

Fashion is a way through which a person displays his personal expression expression, self- concept and his wealth. It also shows the influence that the fashion and advertising industry has made on him. Fahion, media and advertising industries are very prominent in teenagers’ lives. They watch TV, see the celebrity, his/her clothes and mannerism and then try to imitate them. They search the internet, read magazines and come into contact with the industries which are all around them. They want to look like the prominent figures and follow the way they talk and walk. These role models influence them in such a way that they are crazy to become what they are.

Whenever they are asked about their so called fashionable clothes, they say, ‘My clothes, are me’ They don’t like the clothes bought by their parents because they are old fashioned and outdated. Some- times wear their hair in a very peculiar way. Some- times it is long and sometimes it is cropped to the very root. They wear designer’s ear rings like girls because it is a part of latest fashion.

Various types of advertising mislead them. They send wrong idea to the youngesters of today. If a person opens a magazine, he/she can find that fashion has become a focus everywhere and it influences the teenagers and their families. On the part of boys and girls fashion is revealing more skin and sending wrong messages to them. Girls display various parts of skin including thigs, arms, breasts

and so on. Boys display their muscles and peculiar hair styles. Sexual images are seen by teenagers everywhere whether it is TV, magazine or internet.Sexuality displayed in various ways simply misguide them and provoke the girls to find sexual identity. “She looks sexy” is the line they like to hear. Only God knows what is going to happen in future. 

A recent survey has identified that 16-years olds

are the biggest spenders on clothes.

9.On the occasion of Independence Day, as School Pupil Leader, you have to write an inspirational article on patriotism and the reasons why you are proud to be Indian.

Ans.    Be Proud to be an Indian

: A.K., School Pupil Leader

India is our motherland. It is the country where unity among diversity prospers. We are home to more than one hundred different languages and have a history that goes back thousands of years. I’ve taken birth in the lap of my motherland and I feel indebted to her for everything that she has blessed me with. I feel proud to be an Indian because of many reasons. Some of them are these:

i) India is the largest democracy in the world with 1.2 billion people 7th largest country in the world and one of the most ancient and living civiliza- tions in the world. It is at least 10,000 years old.

ii) The second largest number of scientists and engineers in the world are found only in India. 

iii) India is the world’s second largest producer of small cars and the largest newspaper market in the world.

iv) Algebra, Trigonometry and calculus are studies, which originated in India.

v) Chess was invented in India. 

vi) India never invaded any country in her last 10,000 years.

vii) India is the largest producer of milk, cashewnuts, coconuts, gingers, turmeric and black pepper in the world. It is the second largest producer of wheat, rice, sugar, groundnut and inland fish. It has world’s largest cattle population which is 281 million.

viii) India has the largst number of news channels in the world. It has 798 TV channels as of July 2014. 

ix) India has the largest number of post offices in the world.

x) India has the second largest English speaking population in the world.

xi) Besides the US and Japan, India is the only other country in the world to have indigenously built a super computer.

xii) The most number of movies, over 1000 each year, are made in India. 

xiii) Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is the richest body in world cricket.

xiv) India has 70% share in the export of species.

xv) The world’s largest family lives in India. It has a man with 39 wives and 94 children.

xvi) The gathering of India’s Kumbh Mela of 2011 was so huge that it was visible from space.

xvii) India has more mosques than any other nation in the world.

xviii) Dr. M.C. Modi of India holds the world record of performing maximum eye operations @ of 40 operations per hour.

xix) May 26 is celebrated as the Science Day in Switzerland in honour of our former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam because on that day Kalam had visited that country.

xx) India exports softwares to 90 countries.

xxi) The Indian National Kabaddi Team has won all world cups.

xxii) The largest employer in India is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.

10. Write an article in about 100-150 words about the

Ans.     ‘Ill-effects of Tobacco.’

 Ill effects of Tobacco

People take tobacco in various forms. Tobacco taking is one of the oldest evil habits. Those who smoke, they inhale the vapours of tobacco in the form of cigarettes, beedies or cigars. Other habits of tobacco taking include chewing of tobacco leaves, inhaling the powdered leaves in the form of snuffs etc. Taking tobacco invites various types of diseases affecting the health of man. Tobacco primarily contains nicotine besides 300 harmful chemical compounds. Somes of these compounds are carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, tar, many irritant substances and 16 dangerous chemical compounds responsible for inducing cancer. Nicotine present in tobacco is a highly poisonous substance and it can prove fatal if it is directly injected into the blood stream.

Tobacco taking causes cavities and loss of teeth, bad breath, yellow stains on skin and teeth and wrinkles on skin. It increases blood pressure and heart-rate, reduces blood circulation in legs and arms, increases the risk of heart attack and heart failure. It may worsen asthma and cause stroke. Tobacco may cause nose congestian and infections, lung infections, pneumo- nia, thinning and weakening of bones. It also increases the risk of broken bones, heart burn and ulcers. It may cause cancer related to lung, mouth throat, pancreas, intestines, kidney and bladder. Tobacco smoking weakens the system of the body and helps in the spreading of tuberculosis. Chewing tobacco leaves or gutkas or pan masalas mixed with tobacco may cause cancer of the mouth.

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