NIOS Political Science (317) Notes|Chapter-33|Public Service Commissions

NIOS Political Science (317) Notes|Chapter-33|Public Service Commissions. Important questions for NIOS Political Science 317 Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers SOS . Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint . NIOS Political Science (317) Notes|Chapter-33|Public Service Commissions

HS 2nd years Solutions (English Medium)

NIOS Political Science (317) Notes|Chapter-33|Public Service Commissions

Intext Questions & Answers

 Q. 1. Tick (J) mark the correct answer

(i) The administrative machinery of the government is run by –

  1. Elected representatives 
  2. Ministers
  3. Civil servants
  4. People of India

 Ans. (c) Civil servants

 (ii) An independent constitutional agency to recruit civil Servants is known as:

  1. Staff Selection Board
  2. Election Commission 
  3. Planning Commission 
  4. Public Service Commission 

Ans. (d) Public Service Commission

 (iii) An independent agency for recruitment of civil servants is required because : 

  1. it maintains the merit system and neutrality in civil services.
  2. it protects the rights of the people.
  3. it serves the aspiration of the ministers.
  4. it is an appointing authority of the civil servants.

 Ans.: (a) it maintains the merit system and neutrality in civil services.

 Q. 2. Tick (√) mark the correct answer

(i) Public Service Commission is a

  1. constitutional body 
  2. statutory body 
  3. body setup by an executive decision 
  4. none of these

 Ans.: (a) constitutional body 

(ii) Public Service Commission works as 

  1. a recruiting agency 
  2. an appointing authority 
  3. an advisory body on all government appointments
  4. none of these

 Ans.: (a) a recruiting agency 

(iii) The chairman and the members of the UPSC can be removed from their post by the

  1. Council of Ministers 
  2. President 
  3. Prime Minister 
  4. Supreme Court

Ans. (b) President 

 Q. 3. Tick (U) mark the correct answer:

 (i) It is the duty of the President of India to place the annual report of UPSC before : 

  1. Supreme Court of India
  2. Parliament
  3. Comptroller and Auditor General of India 
  4. Council of Ministers 

Ans. (b) Parliament

 (ii) Under article 321 of the Indian Constitution additional functions to the Union Public Service Commission can be assigned by the : 

  1. President
  2. Prime Minister
  3. Parliament
  4. Supreme Court

 Ans. (c) Parliament  

Q. 4. Tick ( ) mark the correct answer: 

(i) The age limit up to which a member of state PSC may hold his post is : 

  1. 60 years 
  2. 62 years
  3. 63 years 
  4. 64 years

Ans. (b) 62 years

(ii) The tenure of a member of SPSC is : 

  1. 4 years 
  2. 5 years 
  3. 6 years
  4. 7 years 

Ans. (c) 6 years 

(iii) The chairman of the Joint Public Service Commission is appointed by the : 

  1. President 
  2. Governor 
  3. Prime Minister 
  4. Supreme Court

 Ans.: (a) President 

Terminal Exercises

 1. Describe the need for an independent agency to recruit civil servants. 

Ans.: Recruitment of civil servants has to be neutral, unbiased and free from prejudices of any kind. Then alone any merit system will inspire confidence. To ensure objectivity and impartiality in recruitment, several measures have been taken. The constitution of an independent agency in the form of a public service commission for recruitment is one. Through this agency:

  1.  the executive branch has been divested of the power of making recruitment to the superior levels of civil services.
  2. the agency thus created is an extra-departmental body such as a commission, which functions outside the normal machinery of government.
  3. a special constitutional status is conferred on this agency to ensure autonomous functioning. 

It must be remembered that the commission is only a recruiting agency, and not an appointing authority. The authority of making appointments rests with the government. The commission is an advisory and recommendatory body. Its decisions are not mandatory. Normally, the government accepts its recommendations, but the government may not always accept what the commission suggests. However, in such cases the reasons for not accepting the recommendations have to be explained and recorded.

 2. Explain the composition and functions of The Union Public Service Commission. 

Ans.: For the purpose of the higher level civil services of the Union Government, the Constitution provides for the setting up of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The number of members of the Commission and the conditions of their service are left to be determined by the President, which means the government. It has since been decided that there shall be a chairman and six to eight members of the Commission. At present the strength of the Commission is nine including the chairman. The chairman and the members of the Commission are appointed by the President. The Constitution provides that at least half the members have to be persons who have served for at least ten years under the Government of India or a State Government.

A member holds office for a term of six years from the date he joins duty or until he attains the age of sixty five years, whichever is earlier. The Chairman is ineligible for any future employment under the government, but other members are entitled to accept the chairmanship of the UPSC or of a State Public Service Commission.

The conditions of service of members cannot be changed to their disadvantage after appointment. Their salaries, allowances, etc. are not submitted to the vote of Parliament as they are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India. 

It is also provided that the chairman or a member of the Commission can be removed from office by the President on the ground of misbehaviour. It is only after an inquiry by the Supreme Court, on a reference being made to it by the President. Pending the inquiry by the Court, the President may suspend the member concerned. A member including the chairman would be deemed guilty of misbehaviour if he becomes interested in any monetary benefit in the discharge of duties as a member. It is also provided that the President may remove the chairman or any other member from office, on the ground of insolvency, infirmity of mind or body, or if he is engaged during the term of office in any paid employment outside the duties of his office. 

The functions of the UPSC as described in the Constitution are:

  1. To advise the government on all matters relating to the methods of recruitment and norms to be followed in making appointments to civil services either directly or by promotion. 
  2. To advise on the suitability of candidates for appointment, promotion and transfer.
  3. To conduct examinations for appointment to All India services.
  4. To advise on disciplinary matters affecting government servants.
  5. To advise on claims of legal proceedings instituted against a government servant and on the claims in respect of injuries sustained by a government servant while on duty.
  6. To advise on any other matter specifically referred by the President. There is also a provision for extending the functions of the Commission by Parliament not only in respect of government services but also in respect of services under local authorities, corporations or other public institutions.

The jurisdiction of the Commission can be reduced by taking away some posts from its purview. For example, the Commission is not consulted in regard to selections for the following appointments: 

  1. membership or chairmanship of tribunals or commissions
  2. posts of high diplomatic nature 
  3. Group C and Group D employees who constitute nearly

 90% of the total number of the Central Government employees. The Commission is consulted in matters of censure, compulsory, retirement, removal or dismissal from service, seduction to lower same grade or post or scale, with holding of increments or promotion, recovery of the whole or part of any loss caused to the government by negligence or branch of order. Moreover, the Commission is also consulted in relation to an order of the President on an appeal against any of the above penalties made by a subordinate authority after consideration of any petition or memorandum or otherwise. 

The Commission also tenders advice to government on methods of recruitment, and the principle to be followed in making appointments, promotions and transfers from one service to another and the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions or transfers. 

It is the duty of the Commission to present annually to the President a report as to the work done by the Commission. The report along with the memorandum explaining the action taken by the government on the recommendations of the Commission,” is placed before the Parliament. Government, thus, becomes responsible to explain the reasons in case it has not accepted the recommendations of the commission. 

SL. No.Chapters Link
1Meaning and Scope of Political ScienceClick Here
2Nation and StateClick Here
3Distinction Between Society, Nation, State and GovernmentClick Here
4Major Political TheoriesClick Here
5Preamble and The Salient Features of The Constitution of IndiaClick Here
6Fundamental RightsClick Here
7Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental DutiesClick Here
8Indian Federal SystemClick Here
9Emergency ProvisionsClick Here
10Union ExecutiveClick Here
11Parliament of IndiaClick Here
12Supreme Court of IndiaClick Here
13Executive in the StatesClick Here
14State LegislatureClick Here
15High Courts and Subordinate CourtsClick Here
16Local Government: Urban and RuralClick Here
17Universal adult franchise and the methods of representationClick Here
18Electoral System in IndiaClick Here
19National Political PartiesClick Here
20Regionalism and Regional PartiesClick Here
21Public Opinion and Pressure GroupsClick Here
22Communalism, Caste and ReservationsClick Here
23Environmental AwarenessClick Here
24Good GovernanceClick Here
25Human RightsClick Here
26India’s Foreign PolicyClick Here
27India’s Relations with USA and RussiaClick Here
28India and its Neighbors : China, Pakistan And Sri LankaClick Here
29Contemporary World OrderClick Here
30The United NationsClick Here
31United Nations’ Peace ActivitiesClick Here
32United Nations and Economic and Social DevelopmentClick Here
33Public Service CommissionsClick Here
34Administrative Machinery at the Centre, States and District LevelsClick Here
35Political Executive and BureaucracyClick Here
36Public Grievances and Redressal MachineryClick Here

3. How are the chairman and the other members of the UPSC and the State Public Service Commission appointed and what are their qualifications?

 Ans. : Each state in India has a public service commission.

The Constitution stipulates that the Governor determines the number of members of the Commission. At least half of the members of the Commission are persons with a minimum of ten years of experience under the central or a state government. Members are appointed by the Governor for a term of six years or until the age of 62 years. Though the Governor is the appointing authority, members can be removed only by the President. Conditions of service of the members are determined by the Governor but the Constitution stipulates that these shall not be revised to their disadvantage. Implicit in the foregoing are certain safeguards to ensure the Commission’s independence.

 A member of a state public service commission on retirement or otherwise can be appointed as chairman or member of UPSC, or as chairman of that or any other state service commission. 

As in the case of UPSC, the state public service commission submits its annual report to the Governor. The Governor goes through the report to be placed before the state legislature along with the cases in which the government has not accepted the advice of the Commission. In such cases the government has to record the reasons for non-acceptance or rejection of the recommendations. 

The state public service commission performs the same functions in regard to its respective states public services as are performed by the Union Public Service Commission in regard to the Union Government.

 4. How does the Constitution of India ensure independence of the Public Service Commissions?

 Ans.: The following constitutional provisions are intended to make the commission, both UPSC and SPSC, independent of any external influence:

  1. Members are appointed for a fixed tenure of six years or until the attainment of sixty five years of age in the case of UPSC and sixty-two years in the case of SPSC. 
  2. The conditions of service of a member cannot be changed to his/her disadvantage during his tenure of office. 
  3. The removal of a member can take place by an order of the President on certain epecific grounds in consultation of the Supreme Court.
  4. The expenses of the commission are charged on the Consolidated Fund of India.
  5. All regulations to be issued by the government excluding any matter from the purview of the commission will have to be laid before the Parliament or the state legislature for such modification as it may deem fit to make.
  6. Further employment of any member is severely restricted.

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