NIOS Political Science (317) Notes| Chapter-23 Environmental Awareness

NIOS Political Science (317) Notes| Chapter-23 Environmental Awareness. Important questions for NIOS Political Science 317 Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers SOS . Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint . NIOS Political Science (317) Notes| Chapter-23 Environmental Awareness.

HS 2nd years Solutions (English Medium)

NIOS Political Science (317) Notes| Chapter-23 Environmental Awareness

 Intext Questions & Answers 

Q.1. Identify The True and False statement 

1. Coal is a renewable resource.

 Ans. : False.

 2. The fast development in science and technology is a major factor contributing to the environmental degradation.

 Ans. : True.

 3. The growing population in India does not contribute to environmental degradation. 

Ans. : False. 

4. Trees are a good example of non-renewable resources.

 Ans.: False.

 Terminal Exercises 

1. Describe the meaning of environment and environmental degradation. 

Ans.: Environment constitutes a very important part of our life. To understand life without studying the impact of the environment is simply impossible. The need to protect the environment can be ignored only at our peril. We use environmental resources in our day to day life. These resources are renewable and non-renewable. We have to be more cautious in consuming non-renewable resources like coal and petroleum, which are prone to depletion. All human activities have an impact on the environment. 

But in the last two centuries or so, the human influence on the environment has increased manifold due to the rapid population. growth and the fast development in science and technology. These two are the major factors in reducing the quality of the environment and causing its degradation.

 Environmental degradation poses a great danger to man’s own survival. It should be realized, sooner than later, that conservation and improvement of the environment are vital for the survival, and well being of mankind. Natural resources of land, air and water have to be used wisely as a trust to ensure a healthy environment for the present and future generations. 

2. Discuss any two environmental problems. 

Ans.: a. Land Air And Water: 

Pollution of land and water has affected plants, animals and human beings. The quality of soil is deteriorating resulting in the loss of agricultural land. The loss is estimated to be about five to seven million hectares of land each year. Soil erosion, as a result of wind and/or water, costs the world dearly. The recurring floods have their own peculiar casualties like deforestation, silt in the river bed, inadequate and improper drainage, loss of men and property. The vast oceans, after being turned in to dumping grounds for all nuclear wastes, have poisoned and polluted the whole natural environment.

 b. Population Growth: 

population growth means more people to eat and breathe, and putting an excessive pressure on land and forest, and ultimately disturbing the ecological balance. Our growing population is putting pressure on land, leading to poor quality of productivity, deforestation (the loss of forest land so necessary for ecological balance and extinction of wildlife leading to imbalance in the ecological order, loss of wildlife heritage and ultimately dwindling of several species. The growing population is not only a problem for the natural environment; it is a problem for any other aspect of the environment, say, for example Social, economic, political etc.

SL. No.Chapters Link
1Meaning and Scope of Political ScienceClick Here
2Nation and StateClick Here
3Distinction Between Society, Nation, State and GovernmentClick Here
4Major Political TheoriesClick Here
5Preamble and The Salient Features of The Constitution of IndiaClick Here
6Fundamental RightsClick Here
7Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental DutiesClick Here
8Indian Federal SystemClick Here
9Emergency ProvisionsClick Here
10Union ExecutiveClick Here
11Parliament of IndiaClick Here
12Supreme Court of IndiaClick Here
13Executive in the StatesClick Here
14State LegislatureClick Here
15High Courts and Subordinate CourtsClick Here
16Local Government: Urban and RuralClick Here
17Universal adult franchise and the methods of representationClick Here
18Electoral System in IndiaClick Here
19National Political PartiesClick Here
20Regionalism and Regional PartiesClick Here
21Public Opinion and Pressure GroupsClick Here
22Communalism, Caste and ReservationsClick Here
23Environmental AwarenessClick Here
24Good GovernanceClick Here
25Human RightsClick Here
26India’s Foreign PolicyClick Here
27India’s Relations with USA and RussiaClick Here
28India and its Neighbors : China, Pakistan And Sri LankaClick Here
29Contemporary World OrderClick Here
30The United NationsClick Here
31United Nations’ Peace ActivitiesClick Here
32United Nations and Economic and Social DevelopmentClick Here
33Public Service CommissionsClick Here
34Administrative Machinery at the Centre, States and District LevelsClick Here
35Political Executive and BureaucracyClick Here
36Public Grievances and Redressal MachineryClick Here

 3. What is sustainable development? Explain.

 Aus. : The world commission on environment and development (the Brundtland commission) submitted its report entitled “Our common future’ in 1987. This report highlighted and popularised the concept of ‘sustainable development’. Sustainable development has been defined on meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the needs of future generations. All developmental activities involve some amount of environmental degradation. What is required is to take into account the damage to the environment as a result of development, and strike a balance between development and environmental protection. The aim should be to achieve sustainable levels of people’s welfare and development. The primary concern is how many people can ultimately be supported by the environment and at what level of quality of life. 

The mainstream greens scholars like Carr, Brown, Dala, Schumacher. Does not make sense and others, all lay stress on “sustainability” of the environment together with development. The emphasis of the mainstream green’ are not on pollution, but on 

  1. energy and its resource may be renewed, and be kept renewing, 
  2. the waste be changed into raw-material, raw material into waste, waste into raw-material: recycling of waste into raw-material; 
  3. gross national product and its growth targets need not be sought, but what should be sought is the satisfaction of real human needs. The greens say that growth means cancer, a cancer that threatens to spread worldwide, and destroy all life. They accept industry if it is on a small scale and is for the purpose of self-sufficiency. They advocate extensive decentralization. 

The concept of sustainable development is more about environment and less about development; more about stability and less about change; more about restricting one’s wants and less about the continuing material development; more about the non-exploitative attitude towards environment and less about harnessing it; more about small communities and less about the larger ones. It is not a concept of development with an environment, but an environment without growth. 

Indeed, ecological degradation should stop. But why should the pace of development stop? A disciplined use of environmental benefits go a long way for all round development. Scholars and activists assert that environmental degradation can be controlled and reversed only by ensuring that the parties causing the damage should be made accountable for their action and that they should participate in improving environmental conditions. What is needed is a set of norms, which bring the demands of development and the compulsion of the environment closer to each other. 

4. Outline the various efforts made by the Indian Government towards creating a better natural Environment. 

Ans. In India, environmental awareness gained importance in the 1970s after the UN sponsored conference on environment in Stockholm (1972). The Indian government undertook many environmentally friendly activities. The Ministry of Environment and Forest was established and laws were enacted on environment protection in 1986.

 The objectives of India’s National Environment policy, here, are worth stating. 

  1. Conserve and develop safe, healthy, productive, and aesthetically satisfying environment;
  2. Upgrade, develop and manage rural and urban settlement to enhance the quality of life;
  3. Plan development on sound ecological principles with vironmental impact assessment and incorporating appropriate environmental safeguards;
  4. Promote environmental safety-technologies, recycling of resources and utilization of wastes;
  5. Conserve the biotic diversity in the country by creating ature reserves and sanctuaries for specific habitats such as mountains, rain forests, pastures, deserts, wet lands, lakes, beaches, mangroves, estuaries, lagoons and island;
  6. Safeguard the environment within the national maritime Exclusive Economic Zone; 
  7. Evolve environmental norms and establish effective mechanism for monitoring surveillance and collection and dissemination of information; 
  8. Preserve science landscapes, as well as historic and cultural monuments and their environs;
  9. Promote environmental education at all level and create ublic awareness; 
  10. Encourage research in environmental science and technological and social investigation to conserve and improve the environment and 
  11. Develop adequate manpower within the country, of ecologists, environmental scientists, planners and managers of the highest quality and recognize their work as an important component of national development. 

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