Class 12 English (PROSE) Chapter-4 Indigo

Class 12 English (PROSE) Chapter-4 Indigo . Important questions for HS Second Year English Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers NCERT. Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint. Class 12 English (PROSE) Chapter-4 Indigo

HS Second Year English (PROSE) Chapter-4 Indigo

Very Short Questions & Answers (Marks: 1)

Q.1. Who is the author of the lesson ‘Indigo’? 

Ans : Louis Fischer is the author of the lesson ‘Indigo.” 

Q.2. Which book by Louis Fischer has been reviewed as one of the best books ever written on Gandhi by times Educational supplement? 

Ans: Louis Fischer’s book- The life of Mahtma Gandhi has been reveiwed as one of the best books ever written about Gandhi by Times Educational Supplement.

Q.3. When did gandhi decided ‘to urge the departure of the British’?

Ans : When the idea that British must India came to Gandhi’s mind then Gandhi decided ‘to huge the departure of the British.’

Q.4. Who was Rajkumar Shukla? 

Ans : Raj kumar Shukla was a poor peasant of Champaran.

Q.5. Where was Rajkumar Shukla from?

Ans: Raj kumar Shukla from Champaran. 

Q.6. What did Shukla want Gandhi to do?

Ans : Rajkumar Shukla wanted Gandhi to take up the cause of the poor peasant of Champaran.

Q.7. Where was champaran?

Ans : Champaran was in the fosthills of Himalaya near Nepal.

Q.8. Why was Rajkumar Shukla ‘resolute’? 

Ans : Rajkumar Shukla wanted Gandhi to take up cause of the the poor peasant in Champaran. He met Gandhi in Lucknow sesson of the Congress. But Gandhi had engagement in different part of the India. So, he was resolute many 

Q.9. Where did Gandhi and Shukla board a train train from to?

Ans: Gandhi and Shukla boarded a Gandhi’s arharm to Patna in Bihar.

Q.10. Whom did they meet there? 

Ans : They met Rajendra Prasad there.

11. Where did Gandhi decide to go first? 

Ans : Gandhi decided to go Calcutta first. 

Q.12. Which country had developed synthetic indigo?

Ans : Germany has developed synthetic indigo. 

Q.13. What was the capital of Champaran?

Ans : The capital of the Chanparan was Motihari. 

Q.14. What happened when gandhi refused to furnish bail. 

Ans : When Gandhi refused to furnish bail, the Judge released him without bail.

Short Questions & Answers (Marks: 2)

Q.1. Where and when was the annual convention of the Indian National Congress party held? 

Ans : The annual convention of the Indian National Congress party was held at Lucknow in 1916.

Q.2. What did Gandhi tell Rajkumar Shukla? 

Ans : Rajkumar Shukla wanted Gandhi to take up the cause of the poor peasants in Champaron. He met Gandhi in the Lucknow sesson of the Congress. But Gandhi had many engagements in different parts of the India. Shukla accompanied Gandhi every where. He waited till Gandhi was free. Gandhi was impressed by his tenacity and finally with him to Bihar. 

Q.3. Why was gandhi impressed with Shukla? went

Ans : Rajkumar shukla wanted gandhi to take up the cause of the poor peasants in Champaron. He met Gandhi in the Lucknow sesson of the Congress. But Gandhi had engagements in different parts of the India. Shukla accompanied Gandhi every where. He waited till Gandhi many was free. Gandhi was impressed by his tenacity and finally went with him to Bihar. 

Q.4. What did the servants at Rajendra Prasad’s house mistake gandhi to be?

Ans : In Patna Shukla led gandhi to the house of a lawyer. Rajendra Prasad. The servants knew Shulka. He was a poor peasant of Champaran. He always troubled Rajendra Prasad to take up the cause of the poor peasants in Champaran. So, the servants took Shukla to be another peasant. It was the mistake of the servants at Rajendra prasad’s house. 

Q.5. Why was Gandhi not allowed to draw water from the well?

Ans : Gandhi was not allowed to draw water from the well because according to them he (Gandhi) was a man of a low caste and pollute the water.

Q.6. Why did he choose to go to Muzzaffarpur first before going on to Champaran?

Ans : Gandhi thought in advisable to go first to Muzzaffarpur. It was in route to Champaran. He wanted to collect more information about conditions prevailling there. Therefore, he sent a telegram to professor J.B.Kripalani. He stayed with him for two days. Eeve Muzzaffarpur lawyers called on Gandhi to brief him. 

Q.7. Whom did Gandhi send Muzzaffarpur? a telegram to in Muzzaffarpur ? 

Ans : Gandhi sent a telegram to the professor, 1 Kripalani in Muzzaffarpur. 

Q.8. Where did gandhi stay is Muzzaffarpur? 

Ans : Gandhi stayed with the professor, J. B. Kripalan for two days. Even Muzzaffarpur lawyers called on Gandh to brief him. 

Q.9. Why did gandhi chide the lawyers? 

Ans : Muzzaffarpur lawyers called on Gandhi to brie him. They had frequently represented peasants in court Gandhi chided them for collecting big-fees from the poo sharecropers when peasants were so poor and crushed, was in human to charge heavy fees from them.

Q.10. What did the British Commissioner of the Tirhut division in Champaran district ask Gandhi to do?

Ans : Gandhi tried to get the fact about Champaran situation. So, he called on the British official comissioner of the Tirthut division in which the Champaran distric lay. But the commissioner instead bullied Gandhi and advised him to leave Tirhut at once.

Q.11. Why was Professor Malkani’s action of offering shelter to Gandhi ‘extraordinary’?

Ans : Professor Malkani was a teacher in a government school. Hence, it was extraordinary for him to offer shelter to Gandhi as during those days most governmen employees were afraid to harbour or show sympathy to an Indian advocate.

Long Questions & Answers (Marks : 5)

Q.1. What was the long term contract between English landlords and the sharecroppers of hamparan? Why the sharecroppers protest this reement?

Ans : The English landlords in Champaran compelled sharecroppers to plan 15% of their holdings with digo. They had to surrender the entire indigo harvest. rent to the landlords. This was done by a long-term ontract. Then Germany had developed synthetic indigo. he plantation of natural indigo was no more a profitable siness for English landlords. They decided to free the dian sharecroppers from the 15% contract. They were pay compensation for this freedom. The peasants saw orugh their trick and fraud of the landlords. Therefore ey refused to pay the compensation. Those who had the agreement demanded their money back. 

Q.2. What was the sharecropping arrangement rawn up between the landlords and the peasants ter development of the synthetic indigo?

Ans : Thus the sharccropping arrangement was ksome to the pesants and many signed willingly. Those ressisted engaged lawyears. The landlord hired thugs. Meanwhile the information about synthetic indigo reached the illiterate peasant who had signed and wanted their money back.

Q.3. Why was the town of Motihari full of peasant n the morning?

Ans : Gandhi came to Motihari, the capital of Champaran: He had already equipped himself with the necessary facts and informations. Gandhi called on the  British commissoner. He tried to bully Gandhi advised him to leave the place at once.

      Gandhi didnot leave the place. instead he proceeded Motihari. A huge crowd greeted him at the station. H recived an official notice to quit Champaran immediately

        Thousands of pensants held a spontaneous demonstrations around the courthouse. The government defy was buffled. Gandhi was in a ‘conflict of duties.’ Finally he heard the voice of his conscience.’ He decided to the order. He was set free without the bail. Gandhi asked the prominent lawyers what they would do if he was sent to jail. After the initial hesitation. They finaly decided to accompany of Gandhi to jail. This emboldened Gandhi. He declared. “This battle of Champaran is won. The case against Gandhi was droped. The civil disobedience had triumphed for the first time in modern India.”

Q.4. What was the ‘conflict of duties’ involving Gandhi? Why did the lawyers of Muzzafarpur ultimately decide to join Gandhi?

Ans : When Gandhi was in Motihari, he was issued a notice to leave Champaran immediately. Gandhi signed a reciept and wrote on it that he would disobey the order. In consequence, he was to appear in the court the very next day. However that morning the town of Motihari became crowded with peasants. The government was baffled. Thus, the prosecutor postponed Gandhi’s trial. Gandhi protested against this delay. He told the court that he was involved in a conflict of duties, on the one hand, not to set a bad example as a lawbreaker and on the other hand to render the ‘humanitarian and national servcce’ for which he had come. Finally, he disregarded the order to leave not for want of respect for lawful authority, but in obedience to the voice of his conscience.

  Frominent lawyers like Rajendra Prasad, Brij Kishor Babu, Maulana Mazharul Huq and several other prominent lawyers arrived from Bihar and conferred with Gandhi. They thought amongst themselves, that Gandhi was totally a stranger, and yet he was prepared to go to prison for the sake of the peasants. On the other hand, the lawyers were not only residents of the adjoining districts of Champaran but were also those who claimed to have served these peasants. Hence, accordingly the lawyers of Muzza.arpur decided to join Gandhi in his movement against the unfairness done to the sharecroppers by the Englishmen.

Prose

SL. No.ChaptersLinks
Chapter 1The Last LessonClick Here
Chapter 2 Lost Spring Click Here
Chapter 3Deep WaterClick Here
Chapter 4 IndigoClick Here
Chapter 5Going PlacesClick Here

Poetry

SL. No.ChaptersLinks
Chapter 1A Thing Of BeautyClick Here
Chapter 2Keeping QuitClick Here
Chapter 3My Mother at Sixty-SixClick Here
Chapter 4 A Roadside StandClick Here

VISTAS

SL. No.ChaptersLinks
Chapter 1The Tiger KingClick Here
Chapter 2Magh Bihu or Maghar DomahiClick Here
Chapter 3Memory Of ChildhoodClick Here
Chapter 4 Journey to End Of the EarthClick Here
Chapter 5On The face of itClick Here
Chapter 6The EnemyClick Here

Q.5. How do we know that ordinary people contributed to the freedom movement?

Ans : The freedom movement of India could not have been successful without the participation of the ordinary people. Before Gandhi started the movement, the common people were unaware or indifferent to the freedom movement. It was only after the advent of Gandhi who initiated or led the freedom movement that the struggle for independence was taken to the huts of the millions. The incident of Champaran was a turning point in the life of Gandhi and it become a hallmark in the long freedom movement. The Civil Disobedience movement was a big success for the first time in modern India due the involvement of the common people. to

         Gandhi had visited Champaran to look into the matter of the sharecroppers who were exploited by the British landlords. Even the native lawyers did not stay back in exploiting this poor section of the sharecroppers, Gandhi

called upon the lawyers to help the people. Gandhi arrived in Champaran and tried to get the facts. He was denied information and was advised to leave Tirhut. Gandhi did not leave and disobeyed the order. He was summoned the court but when thousands of peasants gathered around, the authorities had to ask for Gandhi’s help and the judge postponed the trial. Gandhi opposed the delay and finally Gandhi’s case was to be dropped. Thus civil disobedience had succeeded due to the involvement of the common people which was a step towards the freedom movement,

Long Questions & Answers (Marks : 7)

Q.1. ‘The battle of Champaran is won,’ he exclaimed. Explain the context in which this was said.

Ans : Gandhi came to Motihari, the Capital of Champaran. He had already equipped himself with the necessary facts and informations. Gandhi called on the British commissoner. He tried to bully Gandhi and advised him to leave the place! at once.

      Gandhi didnot leave the place, instead he proceeded to Motihari. A huge crowd greeted him at the station. He received an official notice to quit Champaran immediately.

       Thousands of peasants held a spontaneous demonstrations around the courthouse. The government was buffled. Gandhi was in a ‘conflict of duties.’ Finally he heard the voice of his conscience.’ He decided to defy the order. He was set free without the bail. Gandhi asked the prominent lawyer’s | what they would do if he was sent to jail. After the initial hesitation. They finally decided to accompany of Gandhi to jail. This emboldened Gandhi. He declared. “This battle of Champaran is won.’ The case against gandhi was droped. The civil disobedience had triumphed for the first time in modern India.

Q.2. ‘Civil disobedience had trimphed, the

first time in modern India– Show how this happened? 

Ans : Champaran provided a great challenge and opportunity for Gandhiji. Most of the arable land in Champaran belong to English landlords. Indigo was the main commercial crop. The planters considered themselves above the law. They forced the sharecroppers to plant indigo on 15% of their holdings. Then came the news of the synthetic indigo discovered by Germany. Indigo plantation was no more profitable business now. They decided to free the sharecroppers from the 15% contract. They demanded compensation for freeing the peasants. Later on, most of the sharecroppers saw through their fraud. They demanded their money back.

   The advent of Gandhi in Bihar raised a big storm. Thousands of peasants held demonstration to protest against the government. The official were helpless. The government was baffled. Gandhi’s four meetings with the Lieutenent Governor proved fruitful. A comission of inquary was constituted. Finally a settlement was reached. The sharecroppers got 25% of their money back.

     The success of Champaran was the success of civil disobedience in India. Champaran (movement) didnot begin as an act of defiance. It was a typical Gandhian movement based on ‘satyagraha’ and non violence.

Q.3. Describe the efforts made by R.K. Shukla persuade Gandhi to go to Champaran?

Ans : Gandhiji had gone to the december 1916 Annual convention of the Indian National Congress in Lacknow. A peasant came up to see him. He was R.K. Shukla. He looked like any other peasant in India. He was poor and emaciated. He was from Champaran. The place is situated in the foothills of the Himalaya near Nepal. Gandhiji had never heard of the place. Shukla apprised Gandhiji about the injustice of the Landlord system in Champaran under an ancient agreement, the Champaran peasants were sharecroppers. Gandhiji told Shukla that he had an appointment in Kanpur. He was also committed to go to other parts of India. Shukla accompanied Gandhi averywhere. Gandhiji returned to his ashram near Ahmedabad. Shukla also follwed him to the ashram. He begged Gandhiji to fix a date.

       Gandhiji was impressed by Shukla’s tenacity and honesty. Gandhiji was to be in Calcutta on a particulars. day. He asked Shukla to come and take him from there. Months passed. when Gandhiji arrived at Calcutta he found Shukla sitting there on his haunches. He waited till Gandhiji was free. Then both of them boarded a train for Patna in Bihar. From there Gandhiji went to Muzzaffarpur to get complete information about conditions prevailling in champaran.

Q.4. Describe the exploitation of the Indigo sharecroppers by English landlords in Champaran. Did Gandhi help them to get an honourable settlement?

Ans : The English landlords in Champaran compelled all sharecroppers to plant 15% of their holdings with indigo. They had to surrender the entire indigo harvest as rent to the landlords. This was done a long-term contract. Then Germany had developed synthetic indigo the indigo plantation was no more a profitable business for English landlords. They decided to free the indian sharecroppers from the 15% contract. They were to pay compensation for this freedom. The peasants saw through their trict fraud of the landlord. So, they refused to pay the compensation. Those who had sign the agreement demanded their money back.

        Gandhi went to Bihar to take the cause of the peasants. There was a huge demonstration of thousands of peasants the very next day. The Government was baffled. A Commission of inquiry was constituted Gandhi was the sole representative of the peasants. The landlords agreed to refund money to the peasants. At last they settle for 25%. The amount of refund was less important. The more important thing was the victory of the peasants and the victory of the civil disobedience in India.

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