HS First Year English ( Snapshots) Chapter-4 Albert Einstein at School

HS First Year English ( Snapshots) Chapter-4 Albert Einstein at School. Important questions for HS First Year English Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers NCERT. Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint. HS First Year English ( Snapshots) Chapter-4 Albert Einstein at School.

HS First Year English ( Snapshots) Chapter-4 Albert Einstein at School

Text Book Exercises

Q.1. What do you understand of Einstein’s nature from his conversation with his history teacher, his mathematics teacher and the head teacher?

Ans. Albert Einstein was not at all satisfied with the school education in Germany. It was completely outdated and unproductive. The History teacher considered that education was nothing more than learning dates and years of events. For Einstein education meant ideas. He didn’t see any point in learning dates. One could look up the dates in books.

Albert Einstein’s Mathematics teacher was different from other teachers. He had a very good opinion about Einstein. He was very cooperative and helpful. He willingly gave Albert the reference that he needed. This encounter revealed Albert’s character too. He showed his modesty by praising Mr. Koch. He told Mr. Koch that he enjoyed his class. Einstein didn’t like his school nor his teacher.

Einstein’s worst encounter was with the head teacher. He told him to leave the school of his own accord. He asked what crime he had committed. The head teacher replied that he had become a nuisance for others. Albert was very angry. He wanted to tell the head teacher what he thought of him and the school. But he kept quiet. He showed his contempt by not closing the door as was asked last look at his school.

Q.2. The school system often curbs individual talents. Discuss.

Ans. It is quite true that school education often curbs individual talents. Most of the time it is unproductive and outdated. Education received within the four walls may not be the real education. Actually it has been seen that schools interfere with the free growth and development of children. They don’t provide the proper atmosphere for their proper growth. Too many restrictions and dead formalities kill the natural growth in children. Too much discipline also proves quite unproductive. It kills the creative skills in children.

Actually children need freedom. Without freedom no physical or mental growth is possible. School education should not be heavy, dull and cumbersome. Entertainment and education must go together. Education is not just facts, figures and dates. Ideas must dominate our education. Only then our schools will produce geniuses like Einstein.

Q.3. How do you distinguish between information gathering and insight formation? Or, “I think it’s not facts that matter but ideas.” Evaluate after Einstein.

Ans. Education is not confined to mere information gathering. Information only keeps us well informed about things. Einstein’s views about education only confirm that information gathering has its limitations. The History teacher asks when the Prussians defeated the French at waterloo. Actually, he is seeking information. It can be easily gathered from any good book on history. Einstein thinks that learning days, dates and figures have no importance. Ideas are more important than facts. So, insight formation must be the aim of education. Schools shouldn’t overburden students with the heaps of data collection. It is not important how many soldiers are killed and when they are killed. It is important to learn why soldiers try to kill others in war.

The real growth and development of the mind is more important than mere information gathering. Depth comes from the basics and not from facts and figures. Ideas are the essence of real education. Without the basics and ideas. education will be reduced to mere dead formalities and information gathering.

Additional Short Answer Type Questions 

Q.1. Mr. Brawn was speechless for a few moments. Why?

Ans. Mr. Brawn was Albert’s history teacher He (Mr. Brawn) asked Albert in what year the Prussians defeated the French at waterloo. Albert told him that he didn’t know. Albert told him that he saw no point in learning dates. These could be found in books. This made him speechless for a few moments.

Q.2. What should education be all about, according to Albert?

Or, 

What was Einstein’s idea of education? 

Or, 

Why does Einstein think that learning facts is no education at all? 

Ans. According to Albert, education should be based not on facts but on ideas. Albert said that one could get these facts from books. He was more interested in knowing why soldiers killed other soldiers in war. He was not interested in knowing their numbers.

Q.3. What punishment did the History teacher give to Albert for not answering his questions?

Ans. The History teacher Mr. Brown got irritated. His eyes got cold and cruel, Albert said that he didn’t want a lecture from him. Mr. Brawn punished him by making him stay in for an extra period that day. He also told him that he was a disgrace to the institution. 

Q.4. Why didn’t Albert feel cheerful’ to go back to his lodging?

Ans. Albert didn’t feel cheerful when he returned to his lodging. His room was in the poorest quarters of Munich. His landlord beat his wife after he returned home drunk on saturdays. He hated the atmosphere of slum violence.

Q.5. What advice did Elsa give to Albert regarding passing the ex-aminations?

Ans. Elsa told Albert that she knew many boys who were more studpid than Albert. They could pass the examination easily. For this. Albert didn’t need to learn what had been taught to him, However, he should be able to repeat it in the examination.. 

Q.6. What did Albert tell Yuri when he met him after six months in Munich?

Ans. Albert told Yuri that it was foolish he should go on like that. In the end, he would realise that he had been wasting his father’s money and everyone’s time. 

Q.7. How did Albert Einstein decide to get rid of his school? Explain.

Ans. Albert didn’t feel at ease at school. After his encounter with the teacher he felt insulted. He decided to get rid of his school by producing a false certificate from a doctor. The doctor was to certify that he had a nervous breakdown. It would serve his purpose. He would not be medically fit to stay in the school.

Q.8. Who was Ernest Wail? How did he help Albert? 

Ans. Ernest Weil was a doctor. He had qualified as a doctor only the previous week. He was a good friend of Yuri. Albert told Yuri of his plan of staying away from the school. Yuri told him to go to Dr. Ernest Weil to get a medical certificate for that purpose. Dr. Weil really helped Einstein.

Q.9. Who was Mr. Koch? What reference did Mr. Koch have regarding his wish to join a college in Italy? give to Albert 

Ans. Mr. Koch was Albert’s mathematics teacher. Mr. Koch works that Albert was realy to enter a college for the study of higher Mathematics. He also wrote that he couldn’t teach him any more. Probably Albert would soon be able to teach him. It was such a wonderful recommendation that no one could have gotten from a teacher.

Q.10. What did the head teacher tell Albert when he met him? 

Ans. The head teacher told him that he had become a nuisance for other students and teachers. He was not prepared to keep him in his school any longer. He was a great disgrace to the institution. He wanted him to leave the school without any further delay. 

Q.11. How did Albert react to the head teacher? 

Ans. For a moment, Albert felt incited to tell the head teacher what he thought of him and his school. He didn’t say even a single word. Holding his head high, he went out with a sense of pride. His silence showed his resentment and dislike for the school and his teachers.

Q.12. How did Albert leave his school where he had spent five years. 

Ans. Albert left his school without any regrets. He in fact, left it arrogantly. He had no soft feelings for it or for its teachers. He was completely disillusioned because of the ill treatment meted out to him by the head teacher. He didn’t turn his head to have even a last look at his school.

Long Answer Type Questions

Q.1. Write in your own words the dialogue between the history teacher and Albert.

Ans. The class was on. The history teacher Mr. Brawn asked Albert in what year the Prussiaus had defeated the French at waterloo. Albert said that he didn’t know the answer and had forgotten. He asked Albert why he didn’t try to learn the dates. He told him that he didn’t see any point in learning dates. One could look up the dates in books. This irritated Mr. Brawn. He described to Albert that he didn’t believe in education at all. Albert told him that for him what mattered in education was ideas and not facts. He was interested in learning why soldiers tried to kill others in war. He was not interested in knowing how many of them were killed.

Q.2. Were the teachers interested in understanding Albert and bringingout his potential?

Ans. The teachers were not interested at all in understanding Albert and bringing out his potential. They always thought that he was a nuisance. boy. The history teacher did not like his behaviour and said that he was an ungrateful boy and ought to be ashamed of himself. He even told him that he was a disgrace for the school. His maths teacher, Mr. Koch, though acknowledged his exceptional ability, was not willing to keep him in his school. He willingly gave him reference and wanted him to join the college or an institution. The Head teacher told him that his presence in the class made it impossible for the teacher to teach other students.

Q.3. Describe how Yuri helps Albert in his efforts to stay away from the school?

Ans. Yuri is Albert’s only friend. Albert tells him everything about his life. He tells Yuri that he doesn’t like to go school. At once he thinks of a plan. He asks Yuri if he has a doctor as his friend. His plan is to get a medical certificate from the doctor. The doctor shall certify that Albert suffers from a nervous breakdown. This will enable him to leave school for some period. Yuri tells him that he knew Dr. Ernest Weil. He has qualified as a doctor only the previous week. Yuri tells Albert to tell the doctor everything clearly. So Albert hides nothing from the doctor. Dr. Ernest Weil issues him a certificate. His fees are that Albert shall host a dinner for Yuri. In this way, Yuri helps Albert in his efforts to stay away from the school.

Summary of the story

1. Albert’s class was on. The History teacher Mr. Brawn asked Albert when the Prussians defeated the French at waterloo. Albert told him that he didn’t know and he must have forgotten. This irritated the teacher. He asked Albert ‘why? Albert replied that he didn’t see a point in learning dates. One could read them from books.

2. Ideas are more important than facts and figures. The teacher thought that Albert didn’t believe in education. He talked in a sarcastic manner. Albert told him that education should be about ideas and not facts. The teacher said that Albert was a disgrace to school. 

3. Albert felt miserable when he left the school that afternoon. He didn’t like this school. He lived in a small room in Munich. The landlady used to beat her children regularly. Her husband came drunk every Saturday and beat her. He didn’t like the children crying every time. He told these things to his friend Yuri. He hated the atmosphere of slum violence.

4. Next time his cousin Elsa came to Munich. She told Albert that if he tried he could pass the examination. There were more stupid boys than him. Moreover, passing the examination was not difficult. It was just to be able to repeat some events in the examination. He told Elsa that he was not good at learning things by hurt. He liked music as it gave him comfort. He also liked Geology.

5. Albert didn’t like to remain in that school. He met Yuri after six months. He had an idea. He told Yuri that he needed a medical certificate showing that he suffered from a nervous breakdown. In this way, he could get rid of his school. He asked Yuri if he had a doctor friend. Yuri told him that he had one in Dr. Ernest Weil. Einstein must be frank with the doctor.

6. When Albert visited Dr. Ernest Weil he had really come close to a nervous breakdown. Dr. Ernest issued him the certificate. His fee was that he should Serve Yuri with a meal. Albert told the doctor about his future plans. He would go to milan. He hoped to get admission to some Italian college or institute. Yuri told him to get a reference in writing from the Mathematics teacher before going to the head teacher. Mr. Koch, the mathematics teacher, was a different man. He understood Albert well. He gave glowing testimonials to him. He wrote that Albert knew so much that it was difficult to teach him any more. He was fit to enter a college.

7. Before Albert had a chance to ask for an interview with the head teacher, he was summoned to his room. The head teacher told Albert that he should leave the school. He asked the head teacher if he was to be expelled.

The head teacher told him that if he went of his own accord, that question wouldn’t arise.

8. The head teacher said that Albert’s presence made it impossible for the teachers to teach and pupils to learn. Albert felt that his spending money on the medical certificate proved useless. For a moment Albert felt like telling him what he thought of him and the school. But he did not. He went out of the room. The head teacher asked him to close the door behind him. But Albert didn’t. He didn’t even have the last look at the school. Yuri was the only person whom Albert felt like seeing when he left. He had no other real friends.

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