HS First Year English Chapter 7 The Adventure

HS First Year English Chapter 7 The Adventure. Important questions for HS First Year English Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers NCERT. Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint. HS First Year English Chapter 7 The Adventure

HS First Year English Chapter 7 The Adventure

Page No: 60


Answer 1:
Blow-by-blow account : detailed account. In the text “The Adventure” this expression
occurs in the context of Gangadharpant trying to understand the outcome of the Battle of
Panipat by reading a book on the topic.
Morale booster : anything that serves to increase morale or confidence. The expression
occurs in the text ‘Adventure’ where it is told that the Marathas emerged victorious in the
Battle of Panipat which increased their morale or confidence in establishing their supremacy
all over the country.
Relegated to : assigned to a lower rank or position. In the text it is said how Dadasaheb, a
Maratha Chieftain was assigned to a lower rank after the Battle of Panipat.
Political acumen : political shrewdness with keen insight. In the text ‘The Adventure’ the
expression is used to convey how Madhavrao and Vishwasrao because of their shrewdness
could expand their influence all over India.
De facto : existing in fact whether with lawful authority or not. In the text ‘Adventure’ the
Peshwas are regarded as de facto rulers as they kept the Mughal regime alive in Delhi.
Astute: marked by practical hardheaded intelligence. In the text “The Adventure” this word
is used to convey that the Peshwas were very intelligent to recognise the importance of
technological age dawning in Europe.
Doctored accounts : manipulation of accounts. This expression conveys that the Bakhars
were not providing historical facts but manipulated account of history.
Give vent to : to express one’s feelings and ideas. Professor Gaitonde expressed his ideas in
the public lecture on the Battle of Panipat.
Page No: 69 Understanding the Text
Answer I:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. False
  4. False
  5. True
    Answer II:
  1. This statement was said by Rajendra to Professor Gaitonde. He made a transistion from
    one world to another and back again. By making a transistion, he was able to experience two
    worlds although one at a time. He neither travelled to the pas nor to the future. He was in the
    present but experiencing a different world.
  2. This statement was made by Rajendra to Prof. Gaitonde in the text The Adventure by
    Jayant Vishnu Narlikar. Gangadhar had passed through a strange experience. He had the
    experience of living in two world, one he lived in now and other where he had spent two
    days.
  3. Gangadharpant knew India which had seen the decline of Peshwas and experienced the
    slavery of the British. But the India he had seen in two days was completely different. It had
    not been subjected to slavery for the whiteman. It was self dependent and enjoyed self
    respect. He compared the two countries the one that he knew already and other that he was
    witnessing around him. Both had different histories.
  4. Professor Gaitonde had decided to go to a big library at Bombay and browse through
    history books. Then he would find out how the present state of affairs was reached. On his
    return to Pune, he would have a lonk talk with Rajendra Deshpande. He hoped that Rajendra
    would help him undertand what had happened.
  5. This bombay was under the British Raj. An Anglo-Indian in unform checked permits. Each
    of the blue carriages of GBMR had the tiny Union Jack painted on it. The Victoria Terminus
    station looked very neat and clean. The staff was mostly of Anglo-Indians and Parsee
    alongwith a handful fo british Officers.
    Talking about the Text
    Answer 1:
    (i) For

    A single event may change the course of the history of a nation. The battle of Panipat
    for example is said to be the turning point in the history of India. In the Battle of
    Panipat, the Marathas gave in to the forces of Ahmed Shah Abdali. After this event the
    history of India took another turn. Gradually, the country was was overtaken by the
    foreign forces. In the story The Adventure it is mentioned how in the beginning Prof.
    Gaitonde was preparing a speech on what course the history would have taken if the
    Marathas had won the Battle of Panipat. This shows the importance of a single event
    in the history of a nation.
    Against
    The motion that A single event may change the course of the history of a nation is a
    matter of perspective only. It is a relative truth. If we apply the catastrophic theory in
    understanding history then we will find that there may be alternative outcomes of a
    single event so that we cannot proclaim that any one course of event is the reality.
    Since there may be alternative courses of history so debating on a single course is not
    fruitful. In the story the Adventure due to catastrophic phenomenon the Battle of

Panipat is revealed in a different version to Prof Gaitonde. According to this version,
the Marathas emerged victorious in the Battle of Panipat. After the event the Marathas
extended influence over the entire country. India never fell to the alien forces. So, to
argue that a single course of event may change the course of history is not tenable.
There may be alternative effects following an event.


(ii) For
Our senses , that is the senses of touch, sight, taste and hearing and smell provide us
facts about the world we live in. Knowledge from experience come through these
senses. The reality is what we directly experience through these senses. No other
reality exists which is not revealed to the senses.
Against
Reality is not what is directly revealed to the senses. We cannot experience so many
entities like atoms and molecules but these are real. We cannot even predict the
behaviour of these entities accurately. This point is mooted by Rajendra in the story
Adventure when he points to the discoveries made by the physicists regarding the
behaviour of the atoms. We can predict the position of a bullet fired in a particular
direction from a gun but we cannot predict the position of a an electron fired from a
source. This proves that reality is not what is directly revealed to the senses, there can
be alternative realities existing side by side.


(iii) For
The methods of inquiry of History, Science and Philosophy are similar. In the story
The Adventure one can find the perspectives of History, Philosophy and Science
converging towards a focal point.
History employs the methods of observation, analysis and rationalism in
understanding the course of past events. Science is based on observation,
experimentation and analysis. Rationalism is the most fundamental principle that
Science follows. Philosophy is thoroughly critical in methodology.
Philosophy examines everything including the assumptions and methodology of
Science and other disciplines like History. In the story The Adventure History, Science
and Philosophy converge. Prof. Gaitonde experienced an altogether different version
of the out come of the Battle of Panipat. Contrary to the version as provided in History
text books,the Marathas emerged as victorious in this battle. Prof. Gaitonde tried to
understand this rationally but he failed to get any clue. In this context, Rajendra
intervened to explain this phenomenon in the light of the Catastrophic theory which is
being employed by Physicists in understanding the behaviour of atoms. Here we find
Science and History converging. The similar perspective is seen in Philosophy that
truth is relative and not absolute. In fact, the philosophical movement of post
Modernism is based on this.
In other words, the methods of inquiry of History, Science and Philosophy are similar.
Against
It is a misnomer that the methods of inquiry of History,Science and Philosophy are
similar.
The similarity is at superficial level and not at the core. In the story The Adventure
Rajendra tried to rationalise the experience of Prof Gaitonde by applying the

Catastrophic theory. But this explanation is not convincing though it convinced the
professor. Catastrophic theory can best explain phenomenon of the physical world but
History deals with behavioural world. It is concerned with the behaviour of society
and individuals. The methods of inquiry will also vary accordingly.
The method of inquiry of Philosophy is speculative. Philosophy even questions
rationalism. Philosophy is highly critical of the methods of Science and History. In
other words, the methods of History, Science and Philosophy are not similar. The
story The Adventure by Jayant Vishnu Narlikar is, in fact, a science fiction which is
trying to show the convergence of Science History and Philosophy. In reality the three
disciplines, namely, Science, History and Philosophy have to employ different
methodology of inquiry vis-a-vis the subject matter.

HORNBILL PROSE & POETRY

Sl. No.LessonLink
1The Portrait of a LadyClick here
2A PhotographClick here
3“We’re Not Afraid to Die…
If We Can All Be Together”
Click here
4Discovering Tut: The Saga ContinuesClick here
5The Laburnum TopClick here
6Landscape of the soulClick here
7The Voice of the RainClick here
8The Ailing planet:
The Green Movement’s Role
Click here
9The Browning VersionClick here
10ChildhoodClick here
11The AdventureClick here
12Silk RoadClick here
13My Impressions of AssamClick here
14Father to SonClick here

SNAPSHOTS

Sl. No.LessonLink
1The Summer of the Beautiful White HorseClick here
2The AddressClick here
3Ranga’s MarriageClick here
4Albert Einstein at SchoolClick here
5Mother’s DayClick here
6The Ghat of the Only WorldClick here
7BirthClick here
8The Tale of Melon CityClick here


Answer 2:
(i) Professor Gaitonde was experiencing a different version of the Battle of Panipat.
According to this version, the Marathas emerged victorious in the Battle and started
extending influence over the entire country. His mind was actually witnessing a
different version of the historical reality. Interestingly, he was also witnessing an
event that was not conforming to the conventions. The event was a lecture session on
the outcomes of the Battle of Panipat. In this lecture session Prof. Gaitonde observed
that the chair of the President was vacant. This again was contrary to the conventions.
Prof. Gaitonde rushed to occupy the chair and started explaining the need of a
President in a lecture session like this. The public got angry on this point and started
throwing objects on him. He had a harrowing experience. This led him to decide not to
preside over meetings again.

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