HS First Year English Chapter-3 “We’re Not Afraid to Die..

HS First Year English Chapter-3 “We’re Not Afraid to Die… Important questions for HS First Year English Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers NCERT. Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint. HS First Year English Chapter-3 “We’re Not Afraid to Die.

HS First Year English Chapter-3 “We’re Not Afraid to Die..

( Understanding the Text )

Q.1. List the steps taken by the captain.

(i) to protect the ship when rough weather began. 

(ii) to check the flooding of the water in the ship.

Ans. (i) The narrator along with his party arrived at Cape Town safely. In Cape Town two crewmen, American Larry and Swiss Herbie were taken to help them sail through the dangerous southern part of the Indian Ocean.

On their second day out of Cape Town they began encountering strong gales and waves. Huge waves began to come towards them rolling. For the following few weeks the gales and the waves continued. The waves rose up to 15 metres, as high as the main mast of the ship. The narrator, the captain, took some measures to protect the boat from disaster. The storm jib was dropped to slow down the speed of the boat. The strong mooring ropes were looped around the stern to save the ship from disintegrating. They went through their life boat drill and lifelines were attached. They put on oilskins and life jackets. However all such safety measures proved to be insufficient. The roaring waves made a thunderous sound and began rolling on the deck. The boat was shaken, frightening the people on board.

(ii) The rolling waves shook the ship and strong current of green and white waves broke over the ship. Under the impact of the waves the narrator’s head smashed into the wheel. He could realise that he was sinking below the waves. Suddenly his head emerged out of water. Wavewalker was near capsizing and her mast turned horizontal. In Spite of his injury he did not go away leaving the wheel. The two crewmen, Larry and Herbie were pumping water like madmen. The entire starboard of the ship bulged inward. With great difficulty the narrator collected a hammer, some screws and canvas. With great effort difficulty he was successful in spreading the canvas over the gaping holes. The water then began to deflect over the sides. The hand pumps had turned imperative and the electric pump short circuited. Fortunately a spare electric pump was found. That was connected to the out-pipe and found working. The water level came to a reasonable level and the boat was out of danger.

Q.2. Describe the mental condition of the voyagers on 4th and 5th January.

Ans. After several days of frightening situations, on January 4 the voyagers got some respite. The crewman Larry and Herbie had been working at the pump for 36 hours. After 36 hours of continuous pumping the water level at the bottom of the ship came to a few centimeters. They had to keep pace with the water coming in through some leak. Because of strong wind they could not hoist sail on the main mast. Therefore, they had to hoist the storm jib. In the meantime Mary fed them with some beef and biscuits. It was their first meal in two days. But their respite proved to be short lived because at 4 pm, the wind began to blow at a speed of 40 knots. The sea water swelled and the waves began to rise higher.

By the dawn of January 5 the situation turned hopeless again. The narrator went to comfort the children. His son, Janathan asked if they were going to die. The narrator assured him that they would come out successful. Jonathan replied that he was not afraid to die if all of them die together. Improvised sea anchor was used. Two 22 litre barrels were attached to the ship. Those were critical moments and Mary and the narrator sat together holding each other’s hand. They could realise that their end was near. But luckily the wavewalker somehow rode out of the storm. By the dawn of January 6 the wind and the waves eased. Thus the voyagers finally felt relieved after they had harroring times in the dangerous sea.

Q.3. Describe the shifts in the narration of the events as indicated in the three sections of the text. Give a subtitle to each sub-section.

Ans. Journey from Plymouth to Cape Town: ‘We are not Afraid to Die’ is an adventurous story told by the narrator. The account is given in first person. There are clearly three sections in the writing. The first section narrates how the voyage starts in a cheerful mood and hopeful atmosphere when the voyagers set sail from Plymouth in England in July 1976. The narrator, a 37 year old business-man, his wife Mary, six year old son Jonathan and seven year old Suzanne formed the voyagers’ party. Their aim was to duplicate the round the world journey made by Captain Cook two hundred years before. Their ship, Wavewalker was professionally built and tested in the roughest weather. They arrived at Cape Town in Africa after completing the first leg of their planned 105,000 kilometre voyage. The narration of their journey from Plymouth to Cape Town is not exhaustive but it is pleasant. Struggle for survival: Search for land: The trouble started when their ship, wavewalker, was sailing through the southern part of the Indian ocean. known to be one of the roughest seas in the world. This was the second phase of their Journey. On January 2 the voyagers encountered strong gales and waves as high as the main mast of the ship. The starboard, the ribs and several parts of the ship was damaged. The narrator, his wife, and the two hired crewmen, American Larry and Swiss Herbie were seen doing their best to protect the ship and save the souls of the inmates. They had to fight for about fifteen hours till the gale and the waves abated. They had a frugal meal of corned beef and biscuits only after two days of starvation. The forbearance of Suzanne who did not like to trouble her parents telling about her wounds and the valour of Jonathan who remarked that he was not afraid of death if all of them could die together provided emotional support and encouragement to the elders in the party.

Landing at Ile Amsterdam: In their bid for survival the sailor, specially the narrator began to look for land. Consulting the charts he guessed that there were two small islands a few hundred miles away from them. By that time the wind eased. At about 6 pm of January 6 the ship anchored off shore the island named Ile Amsterdam. In the following forming all the 28 inhabitants of the cheered the inmates and took. them to their volcanic island.

Thus the narration of the story may be called a tragic-comic one. The begining and end of the story is pleasant while the middle portion is tragic.

Talking about the text :

 Q.1. What difference did you notice between the reaction of the adults and the children when faced with danger?

Ans. The adults and the children reacted differently and in a way expected of them as they faced danger. The adults in the ship were the narrator, his wife, Mary, and the two hired crewmen, the American Larry and Swiss Herbie. The children were the narrator’s son, Jonathan, aged six years and Suzar e, his daughter aged seven years. The narrator and his wife stood by the week trying to steer the boat in the proper direction. The crewmen were busy pumping. They were worried about the safety of the boat and survival of the inmates. At times the narrator and his wife, Mary feared that their death was approaching. But the crewmen remained optimistic even during the worst danger. The narrator did everything to cover the gaping holes under the starboard. Mary never left the wheel.

On the other hand the children, Jonathan and Suzanne behaved boldly and in a way that can hardly be expected of average children of their age. Suzanne had a swollen head. The left side of her head was swollen and her blackened eyes narrowed to slits. Her arm was cut. In spite of such painful physical condition she did not worry her parents because she realised their labour and anxiousness to save them. She even made a card and gave it to her father. Her endurance, patience and realisation of the practical aspect of life is not lesser than any adult’s. Her brother, six year old Jonathan attempted to face the situation boldly. He told his father that he was not afraid of death

if they all, the parents and the children- could die together. Such courage and boldness can rarely be expected from a child of his age. Thus it is seen that while the adults were frightened the children remained dauntless. Nodoubt, the adults did whatever was possible for them to survive, but the children’s behaviour inspired them to dedicate themselves in their work in a better way. 

Q.2. How does the story suggest that optimism helps to endure “the direst stress”? 

Ans.The very title of the story “We’re not Afraid to Die ” sounds a note of optimism. In fact it bears the mark of robust optimism of the voyagers. The narrator, a thirty seven year old businessman, his wife Mary, six year old son, Jonathan and seven year old Suzanne set sail from Plymouth in England. Their aim was to duplicate the round the world journey made by captain James Cook two hundred years before. The first leg of their 105,000 kilometre journey was pleasant. They arrived in Cape Town without any obstacle.

However, their ordeal began while sailing through the southern part of the Indian Ocean, one of the roughest seas in the world. Strong gales and rolling waves as high as 15 metre began to lash and toss their ship. It was badly damaged. Its sail was torn, ribs were broken, the starboard wall bulged creating wide gaping holes. Water poured into the ship through these holes and leaked at the bottom. But the narrator, the captain, his wife, his two children and the hired crewmen Larry and Suzanne remained undaunted. In spite of the harroring situation and inspite of suspense concerning their survival the party remained undaunted and optimistic. With a view to saving their souls they did whatever they could do. While the narrator tried to cover the gaping holes under the starboard, the two crewmen remained pumping continuously. Mary constantly guarded the wheel. Unless guided by some sort of optimism they would not have acted like that. In case they did have optimism they would not have felt inspired to repair the boat, pump out the water and steer the boat. Without optimism they would have given up fighting against the fury of the sea and probably died.

But the best of optimism is demonstrated by Jonathan and Suzanne. Inspite of her swelling head and wounded arm she did not bother to worry the parents. Janathan remarked that he was not afraid of death if they could all die together.

Q.3. What lesson do we learn from such hazardous experiences when we are face to face with death?

Ans.Life is not a bed of roses. Dangers and difficulties are parts of human life. In spite of that, heroic people live with courage and determination. Hope nourishes and sustains life. There are people who like to live life as it comes. But there are others who prefer a life full of obstructions and encounters. Such people are not shaken by the hazards of life. Ordeals and obstacles are rewarding because they help one gather experiences. The saying goes that there is no gain without pain. In the lesson “We’re Not Afraid to Die” we find the narrator a thirty seven year old businessman, his wife, Mary, their six year old son, Jonathan, seven year old daughter Suzanne, and the two hired crewmen, American Larry and Swiss Herbie formed the team of the voyagers who faced the fury of the ocean with fortitude. They were frightened by the fury of the gales and the waves. But they went on fighting. They did not surrender. They went on doing whatever was possible for them for their survival. They knew that their death was approaching. Yet they went on fighting and finally arrived at the tiny volcanic island, Ile Amsterdam: Their fortitude and valour proved that God helps those who help themselves.

The activities of the narrator and the members of his team teach that one should face death and dangerous situations with fortitude. Also one should learn to be fearless and brave. Another teaching is that team work is encour aging patience and hard-work brings success and reward. It is the optimism of the team, their hard work and patience that helped them to arrive at the volcanic island named Ile Amsterdam..

Q.4. Why do you think people undertake such adventurous expeditions in spite of the risks involved?

Ans. Human life is dynamic and never static. Dynamism leads to adventure. Also the human mind is curious to know more and more about life and the world in which it operates. Intelligent minds are curious by nature. While some people remain content with bread and butter, with whatever is easily accessible and with the knowledge and wisdom handed down traditionally, there are others who want to know the unknown, see the unseen and cross the invincible. Knowledge is like a torch handed down from generation to generation, Wise people in every age want to add more power and flame to that torch of knowledge. To do that they try to explore the unknown, the unseen and the unexplored.

The spirit of adventure is in the spirit of man. The adventurous people are dauntless by nature. They do whatever they do not only to satisfy their spirit of adventure but also to contribute something to the existing stream of knowledge. They are not afraid of death. Such people want to measure the worth of life doing something undone, seeing something unseen. Without the adventurous people human civilization would have remained static. 

Drake, Cook, Walter Rebigh, Vasco-da-Gama, Marco Polo, Edmond Hillary, Serpa Tenjing Norkey, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins, Uri Gagarin and a host of explorers are adventurous and dauntless people. No one knows the limits of human power. The adventurous people are aware but not afraid of the risks involved in their proposed activities. So they cannot sit idle. They know that it is better to shine in use than to remain unfurnished. They hold life at a pin’s fee while trying to accomplish something new. They are the dauntless people who have changed the course of the world.

Thinking About Language: 

Q.1. We have come across words like ‘gale’ and storm in the account. Here are two more words for storm: ‘typhoon’, ‘cyclone’. How many words does your language have for a storm? 

Ans.In Assamese we have the words: ধুমুহা, ঘূর্নীবতাহ, তুফান

In Bengali we have the words: তুফান, ঝড় 

Q.2. Here are the terms for different kinds of vessels yacht, boat, canoe, ship, steamer, schooner. Think of similar terms in your language. 

Ans. In Assamese the words are নাও, ফাল নাও, মাৰ নাও, জাহাজ, পানচৈ

In Bengali the words are নৌকা, তড়ী, দিঙ্গা, জাহাজ 

Q.3. ‘Catamaran’ is a kind of a boat. Do you know which Indian language this word is derived from? Check the dictionary.

Ans. ‘Catamaran’ is a long narrow raft curved out of logs. The word has been derived from the Tamil word ‘kalta maram’ which means ‘tied wood.” 

Q.4. Have you heard any boatman’s songs? What kind of emotions do these songs usually express?

Ans.Boatmen’s songs are composed of various themes. Usually they sing of life as a continuous and never ending journey. The songs after express the onward movement of life. They compare the water with the world and the moving boat with the advancement of life. While some of their songs are optimistic in note, some are pessimistic. Yet some of their songs express the uncertain destination of their boat and their lives as well.

Q.5. Working with words: The following words used in the text as ship terminology are also commonly used in other senses. In what context would you use the other meaning?

Knot   stern    boom    hatch  anchor


(a)Knot (I) You may make a knot at the end of the rope. 

(ii) The hair of the saint is full of knots and tangles.

(iii) Little knots of women gathered in front of the gate.

(iv) Her muscles were in knots.

(b) stern: (i) Her stern face showed her anger. (ii) The Principal gave her a stern warning.

(iii) The speaker had to face stern opposition. 

(c) Boom : (i) There is a boom in the car market.

(ii) The distant boom of the guns could be heard

(d) Hatch:(i) The enemy hatched a plan against him

(ii) The eggs in the basket are about to hatch. (iii) The ducklings hatched out two days ago.

(e) Anchor : (i) The bed is anchored permanently.

(ii) It is his hobby to anchor to the T.V. every evening.

Q.2. The following three compound words end in-ship. What does each of them mean?

airship   flagship    lightship

Ans. (i) Airship: An airship is a big aircraft without wings and filled with a kind of gas that is lighter than air. An airship is driven by an engine.

(ii) Flagship: A flagship is the main ship in a fleet.

(iii) Lightship: A lightship is a small ship that stays at a particular place at sea and that has a powerful light on it to warn and guide other ships. 

Q.3. The following are the meanings listed in the dictionary against the phrase ‘take on’. In which meaning is it used in the third paragraph of the account?

take on something to begin to have a particular quality or appear ance; to assume something.

Take somebody on to employ somebody; to engage somebody. To accept somebody as one’s opponent in a game or conflict. 

Take somebody/something on to decide to do something; to allow take something/ somebody to enter in bus, railway train, aeroplane etc.

Ans. In the third paragraph of the account the word ‘take somebody on’ means to employ somebody.

For example: The captain took on two crewmen named Jack and Jerry to steer the boat through the rough sea.

Gordon Cook And Alan East


About the writing:

“We’re Not Afraid to Die…. It we can All Be Together” is a piece of writing on a topic of Adventure. The descriptions are given in first person. It narrates the hardship experienced by a family in the course of its voyage. The narrator set sail from Plymouth in England. He wished to duplicate the voyage around the world made by Captain cook two hundred years. before. He undertook the voyage in July 1976. The ship on which he and the members of his family were travelling was shaken by huge waves. The waves broke over the ship. With great hardship they survived for fifteen hours but it was quite difficult for them to reach Australia. On January six they anchored off shore a tiny island. There all the inhabitants membering twenty eight, came forward and cheered them on.


Sl. No.LessonLink
1The Portrait of a LadyClick here
2A PhotographClick here
3“We’re Not Afraid to Die…
If We Can All Be Together”
Click here
4Discovering Tut: The Saga ContinuesClick here
5The Laburnum TopClick here
6Landscape of the soulClick here
7The Voice of the RainClick here
8The Ailing planet:
The Green Movement’s Role
Click here
9The Browning VersionClick here
10ChildhoodClick here
11The AdventureClick here
12Silk RoadClick here
13My Impressions of AssamClick here
14Father to SonClick here


Sl. No.LessonLink
1The Summer of the Beautiful White HorseClick here
2The AddressClick here
3Ranga’s MarriageClick here
4Albert Einstein at SchoolClick here
5Mother’s DayClick here
6The Ghat of the Only WorldClick here
7BirthClick here
8The Tale of Melon CityClick here

(Summary of the Piece in Simple English)

The narrator is a businessman. He is 37 years old. In July 1976, the narrator’s wife Mary, son Jonathan, a boy aged six years and daughter. Suzanne, aged seven years together set sail from Plymouth in England. They wanted to duplicate or repeat the round the world voyage made 200 years earlier by Captain James Cook. For the longest time Mary and the narrator had cherished the dream of sailing round the world following the famous explorer. Cook. For the previous sixteen years they had spent all their leisure time sharpening their skill for travelling in sea. They practised in the sea near Great Britain.

The name of their boat was Wavewalker. It was a 23 metre, 30 ton beautiful boat with wooden cover. It was built by people expert in the profession. The narrator had spent several months fitting the boat out and testing it in the roughest weather they could find. 

The first phase of their planned three year journey covering 105,000 kilometre passed happily. During this phase of the journey they sailed down the west coast of Africa to Cape Town. There they took two crewmen before they went ahead towards the cast. The crewmen were Larry Vigil, an American and Herb Seigler, a Swissman. The crewmen were taken to help the narrator and his family in sailing through the Southern Indian Ocean which was one of the roughest seas in the world. On their second day out of Cape Town they began to encounter strong. wind. For the following few weeks the wind blew continuously. The narrator was not troubled by the strong wind. But the size of the waves was alarming. The waves were up to 15 metres that was as high as their main mast.

On December 25 the narrator and his party arrived at a distance of 3,500 kilometres east of Cape Town. In spite of the fearful weather they had a wonderful holiday complete with a Christmas tree. There was no improvement in weather on New Year’s Day. But they thought that it would soon change. The weather changed for the worse.

In the early morning of January the waves were huge in size. They had been sailing with a small sail and yet they were proceeding at a speed of eight knots. The waves tossed the ship. As the ship rose to the top of the waves the sailors could see endless enormous seas rolling towards them. The screaming of the wind and the spray was disturbing to ears. They wanted to slow down the boat they dropped the jib. Then they lashed a heavy mooring rope in a loop across the stern. After that they double lashed everything, went through their life raft drill, attached life-lines, donned waterproof clothes and life jackets and waited for the impending danger.

The first indication of the impending disaster came at about 6 p.m. It came with a fearful silence. The wind stopped blowing and the sky immediately grew dark. Then there arose a roaring wind and a huge cloud covered the sky over the ship. The narrator realised with horror that it was not a cloud. It was a wave the like of which had never been seen by the narrator. It appeared vertical and was twice as high as the other waves. The wave had a frightening breaking top.

The roar increased to a thunder as the stern moved up to face the wave. For a moment the narrator thought that he might ride over it. Then there was a tremendous explosion which shook the deck. Another wave of green and white water broke over the ship. The narrator’s head smashed into the wheel and he knew that he was thrown overboard and sinking below the waves. He accepted approaching death. He was losing consciousness. He felt quite peaceful.

Suddenly and unexpectedly his head came out of the water. A few metres away their ship was capsizing. The mast of the ship turned almost horizontal. Then a wave put her upright. Somehow the narrator grabbed the guard rails and was thrown into the Wavewalker’s main boom. Subsequent waves tossed him around the deck like a rag doll. His left ribs cracked, teeth broke and his mouth was filled with blood. Somehow he found the wheel, lined up the stern for the next wave and hung on.

There was water everywhere. The narrator could feel that there was water below the ship. Still he dared not to abandon the wheel to investigate the water below the ship. Suddenly the front hatch was thrown open and Mary appeared crying that they were sinking. She screamed that the decks were smashed and they were full of water. The narrator asked her to take the wheel while he scrambled for the wheel Larry and Herb were pumping like madmen. Broken timbers hung everywhere. The starboard side bungled inwards. Things on the deck-clothes, crockery, charts, tins etc floated on water making sounds as they hit each other. Half swimming and half crawling the narrator entered the children’s cabin and enquired if they were all right to which they answered in the affirmative from the upper bunk. Then Suzanne said that her head had been hurt a bit. She pointed to a bump above her eyes. The narrator had no time to worry about bump heads.

Collecting a hammer, screws and canvas the narrator struggled back on deck. The opened up portion of the starboard side was taking water from each wave breaking over the ship. Unless some repair was done, they would surely sink. So he began repairing the damaged portion. Stretching some canvas and waterproof clothes across the gaping holes could prevent the flow of water to some extent. Still some water continued to stream below. But most of that was being deflected over the side. Then there arose more problems when the hand pumps started to block up with debris floating around the cabins. The electric pump short circuited. The water level rose alarmingly. Coming back on the deck the narrator found the two spare hand pumps wrenched overboard. The forestry sail, the jib, the dinghies and the main anchor were also damaged. Then the narrator remembered that they had another electric pump under the chartroom floor. He connected that to an out pipe and found that working.

The night dragged on with the lifeless routine of pumping out water, steering the ship and working the radio. They did not get any reply to their Mayday calls (S. O. S.) which was not surprising in that remote corner of the world.

Suzanne’s head had swollen fearfully. She looked as having to very big black eyes. She showed a deep cut on her arms. When the narrator asked her why she had not made more of her injury, she replied that she did not like to trouble him when he was trying to save them all.

By morning on January 3, the pumps had expelled the water and brought the level under control. They had the scope to take two hours’ rest in rotation. But still they had a very big leak somewhere below the water-line. On checking the narrator found that the boat’s main rib forms were smashed down to the keel. There was nothing holding up a whole section of the starboard except a few cupboard partitions.

The narrator and his family survived for 15 hours since the waves hit their ship. But their ship would not hold together long enough for them to reach Australia. The narrator checked the charts and calculated that there were two small islands, a few hundred kilometers to the east. Ice Amsterdam. one of the small islands was a French scientific base. Their only hope was to reach one of those islands which was as tiny as a pinprick compared to the vast waters around. But unless the wind and seas abated their chances of arriving there would be slim indeed. The auxiliary engines in the boat had been made inoperative by the waves. Continue …

HS first year Engish Chapter 2 “WE’RE NOT AFRAID TO DIE

On January 4, after continuous pumping for 36 hours they reached the last few centimetres of water. Then they had only to keep pace with the water still coming in. No sail could be set on the main mast. Pressure on the rigging would pull the damaged section of the hull apart. So the storm jib was hoisted and the ship began sailing in the direction of the two islands. Just then Mary found some corned beef and cracker biscuits. The narrators and other inmates of the ship ate their first meal in almost two days. But their respite did not last long. At 4 p.m. black clouds began building up behind them. Within an hour wind began to blow at a speed of forty knots and the seas were getting higher. The weather continued to deteriorate throughout the night. By the early morning of January 5 the situation turned desperate once again.

The narrator went to comfort the children. Jonathan, addressing his father, asked if they were going to die. The father replied that he had been trying his best to save them. Then the boy told him that he was not afraid to die if they-the father, the mother, Suzanne and he himself-could all die together. The narrator did not find any word to respond to his son’s words. He left the children’s room determined to fight the sea with everything he had. He decided to protect the ship repairing the starboard side of the ship with strips of canvas and rope etc. Then he put two plastic barrels of 22 litres attached to the ship.

That evening Mary and the writer sat together holding hands. In the meantime the motion of the ship continued to bring more and more water through the broken planks. The husband and the wife realised that their end was near. But their ship, Wavewalker, rode out of the storm. By the morning of January 6 the wind eased. The narrator tried to get a reading on the sextant. Then he came back to the chartroom and worked on the wind speed, changes of course, drift and current in his attempt to calculate their position. The best he could determine was that they were somewhere in 150,000 kilometres of ocean looking for a 65 kilometre-wide island. While the narrator was thinking, his daughter Suzanne came peacefully and joined him. The left side of her head was very swollen and her blackened eyes narrowed to slits. She gave the narrator a card she had made. On the front of the card she had drawn caricatures of her parents. The following words were seen “Here are some funny people? Did they make you laugh? I laughed a lot as well.” Inside was a message, “Oh how I love you both. So this card is to say thank you and let’s hope for the best.” Somehow they had to make that.

The narrator repeatedly checked his calculations. As the main compass had been lost he had to use a spare compass which had not been corrected. for magnetic changes. The narrator made another estimate of the influence of the westerly currents which flow through that part of the Indian Ocean. At about 2 p.m. he went on deck and asked Larry to steer a course of 185 degrees. Then with a conviction that he did not feel he told Larry that if they were lucky he could expect to see the island at about 5 p. m.

Then with a heavy heart the narrator went below, climbed on his bunk and amazingly dozed off. When he woke up it was 6 p.m. and growing dark. He knew that he must have missed the island. At that moment a tousled head appeared by his bunk and Jonathan asked if he could head have an embrace. Suzanne was right behind him. The narrator asked why he would be getting a hug. His son replied that he (the narrator) was the best father and the best captain in the world. The narrator did not agree with his son. Just then Suzanne told him in a serious tone that he had found the island. The narrator should in great wonder. They shouted in united voice that the island was in front of them and it was as big as a battle-ship. Rushing on to the deck the narrator with great relief saw the full out line of the shore of the island Ile Amsterdam. The island was formed of a piece of volcanic rock with little vegetation. It appeared to the narrator as the most beautiful island. in the world.

They anchored offshore for the night. In the following morning all the 28 inhabitants of the island cheered and helped them ashore. On finding land under his feet again the narrator praised Larry and Herbie because they had been cheerful and optimistic even under the direst distress. He also praised Mary for she had stayed at the wheel for all those crucial hours. Most of all he thought of his seven year daughter who did not trouble anyone about her head injury (the injury was so severe that it needed six minor operations to remove recurring blood colt between skin and skull). He also thanked his six year old son because he was not afraid to die.

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