HS First Year English Chapter-2 A Photograph

HS First Year English Chapter-2 A Photograph. Important questions for HS First Year English Questions Answers brings you latest queries and solutions with accordance to the most recent pointers NCERT. Students will clear all their doubts with regard to every chapter by active these necessary chapter queries and elaborate explanations that area unit provided by our specialists so as to assist you higher. These queries can facilitate students prepare well for the exams thanks to time constraint. HS First Year English Chapter-2 A Photograph

HS First Year English Chapter-2 A Photograph

Textbook Exercises Understanding the Text

Q.1. What does the word ‘cardboard’ denote in the poem? Why has this word been used?

Ans. ‘Cardboard’ is a small flat piece of tough paper usually used as film for photography or such other activities. A cardboard is long lasting compared to human life that is transient. The word ‘cardboard’ has been used in an ironical sense to mean that white the appearance of the poet’s mother had changed with the time and she finally died, her appearance in the cardboard (photograph) remained unchanged and same she and her cousins, Betty and Dolly walked in the sea beach white they were young many years back.

Q. 2. What has the camera captured?

Ans. The camera captured the images of the poet’s mother, when she was twelve and was walking with her cousins. Betty and Dolly on the sea beach. It captured their images as they walked holding each other’s hand with faces covered with scattered hair. 

Q. 3. What has not changed over the years? Does this suggest something to you? 

Ans. The sea has not undergone any change over the years. Compared to the sea, human beings change. Human life is transient. Time spares none from its grip. The pretty face of the poet’s mother has changed and finally she died. This brings to the mind the transient nature of human life contrasted to the ageless and unchanged existence of man.

Q. 4. The poet’s mother laughed at the snapshot. What did this laughter indicate?

Ans. The photograph was taken long ago. The poet’s mother looked at it long after. Looking at the photograph she saw herself and her cousins, Betty and Dolly as they used to be when they were young. She pointed out how they had been dressed for the sea holiday. Her laughter indicated how time had changed them in the transient world.

Q. 5. What is the meaning of the line “Both wry with the laboured case of loss.”

Ans. The photograph generated a sense of loss in the minds of both the poet and his mother. The mother was sorry to see how age had made her lose her youth and beauty seen in the photograph. She was sad thinking how beautiful and carefree she used to be when she was twelve. The poet was sorry to lose the smile of his mother revealed in the photograph. It was an irony that both of them laboured to bear the loss. 

Q. 6. What does this circumstance refer to?

Ans. “This circumstance’ refers to the death of the poet’s mother. The photograph of the poet’s mother taken at the seashore many years back generates in him a sense of loss. But he realises the futility of making any comment on the death of his mother and the consequent void her death caused. The silent atmosphere has turned deeper with the silence of the poet.

Q. 7. The three stanzas depict three different phases? What are they?

Ans. The first phase describes the image of the poet’s mother when she was only twelve, walking on the sea shore with her cousins, Betty and Dolly. This phase was before the birth of the poet. The second phase describes the poet’s mother twenty or thirty years after the first phase. She smiled at her own photograph. The third phase is after the death of the poet’s mother when there was nothing but permanent silence.

Comprehension Test

1. Read the following and answer the questions given below it:

The cardboard shows me how it was 

When the two girl cousins went paddling, 

Each one holding one of my mother’s hands. And she the big girl-some twelve years or so All three stood to smile through their hair 

At the uncle with the camera. A sweet face, 

My mother’s, that was before I was born. 

And the sea, which appears to have changed less washed their terribly transient feet.

Questions:

(i) What does the cardboard show? 

(ii) Who were holding the poet’s mother’s hands?

(iii) Why was the poet not in the photograph?

(iv) Who is meant by the ‘big girl’ and what is her age?

(v) Who took the photograph and where? 

(vi) ‘All three stood smiling’ who is meant by all three”?

(vii) Where was the poet’s mother standing and why did she stand there?

(viii) What does the poet say about the sea?

(ix) Why are the feet of the ‘three’ called transient? 

(x) Find words in the passage that mean ‘without movement’ and ‘momentary’.

Ans. (i) The cardboard shows the poet’s mother with her two girl cousins standing on the sea shore when she was about twelve.

(ii) The two cousins, Betty and Dolly were holding the hands of the poet’s mother. 

(iii) The poet was not in the photograph because he was not born till then as his mother was about twelve. 

(iv) The ‘big girl’ is the poet’s mother. She was about twelve.

(v) The uncle of the poet’s mother took the photograph in the sea beach.

(vi) The three are the poet’s mother and her two girl cousins, Betty and Dolly.

(vii) The poet’s mother was standing on the sea beach. She was there on a sea holiday. 

(viii) The poet says that the sea has changed less compared to human beings.

(ix) The poet’s mother and her cousins have temporary existence on earth. After a change in physical features they would die. So are they called transient.

(x) ‘Still’ and ‘momentary.

Q.2. Read the following and answer the questions given below it: 

Some twenty-thirty-years later

She’d laugh at the snapshot. “See Betty

And Dolly”She’d say “and look how they Dressed us for the beach”. The sea holiday.

Was her past, mine is her laughter. Both wry

With the laboured case of loss.

Questions: 

(i) Who is the ‘she’ in the lines?

(ii) Who would laugh at the snapshot and why?

(iii) who are Dolly and Betty? 

(iv) What are the past for the poet and for his mother?

(v) What is the irony for both of them?

(vi) How would you explain ‘laboured ease of loss’?

(vii) Find in the passage a word that means ‘comfort’?

Ans. (i) The ‘she’ is the poet’s mother. 

(ii) The mother would laugh at the snapshot ‘watching the change she had undergone during the span of twenty-thirty years.

(iii) Dolly and Betty are two girl cousins of the poet’s mother. 

(iv) For the poet the laughter of his mother is the past and for his mother the sea holiday was her past.

(v) The irony is the sense of loss experienced by the poet and his mother. The poet lost the laughter of his mother and she lost her bright happy days when she spent sea holidays on the sea beach. 

(vi) Laboured ease of loss means that both the poet and his mother laboured hard to escape from their sense of loss.

(vii) ‘ease’ means comfort:

Q.3. Read the passage and answer the questions given below it:

Now she has been dead nearly as many years As the girl lived. And of this circumstance

There is nothing to say at all. 

It is silence silences.

Questions: (i) Elaborate the idea contained in the line “nearly as many years as that girl lived.

(ii) When, do you think, did the poet’s mother die?

(iii) What is meant by “this circumstance” 

(iv) Give the opposite words for ‘dead’ and ‘silence’.

Ans. (i) The line means that she has been dead for as many years as she 

(ii) The poet’s mother died as a middle aged woman. 

(iii) This condition means the state created by the death of his mother.

(iv) ‘alive’ and ‘noise’

HORNBILL PROSE & POETRY

Sl. No.LessonLink
1The Portrait of a LadyClick here
2A PhotographClick here
3“We’re Not Afraid to Die…
If We Can All Be Together”
Click here
4Discovering Tut: The Saga ContinuesClick here
5The Laburnum TopClick here
6Landscape of the soulClick here
7The Voice of the RainClick here
8The Ailing planet:
The Green Movement’s Role
Click here
9The Browning VersionClick here
10ChildhoodClick here
11The AdventureClick here
12Silk RoadClick here
13My Impressions of AssamClick here
14Father to SonClick here

SNAPSHOTS

Sl. No.LessonLink
1The Summer of the Beautiful White HorseClick here
2The AddressClick here
3Ranga’s MarriageClick here
4Albert Einstein at SchoolClick here
5Mother’s DayClick here
6The Ghat of the Only WorldClick here
7BirthClick here
8The Tale of Melon CityClick here

Short Answer Type Questions and Answers

Q. 1. Describe the three girls standing at the sea beach. 

Ans. The three were the poet’s mother and her two cousins, Betty and Dolly. The two cousins were standing each holding a hand of the poet’s mother who was about twelve. They were on a sea holiday and standing at the sea beach. The sea water washed their transient feet. The three smiled from under the hair scattered over their faces. Their uncle captured them in his camera. 

Q. 2. How are the transient feet of the girls contrasted with the sea?

Ans. The girls-the poet’s mother and her companions, her cousins Betty and Dolly stood on the sea shore. Their feet were being washed by the sea water. Their feet are called transient because as human beings they are prone to change and decay and death. Contrasted with that the sea remains almost unchanged.

Q. 3. Why did the poet’s mother laugh at the snapshot?

Ans. The snapshot reveals the poet’s mother and her companion when they were young about twenty or thirty years back. At that time she was a girl of twelve or so. During the span of twenty or thirty years the poet’s mother had undergone much change. She laughs at the photograph probably watching the change she had undergone. The snapshot reminds her how she and Betty and Dolly used to be when they were young.

Q. 4. “The sea holiday was her past, mine is her laughter’ elaborate the idea contained in the line. Or, Briefly evaluate the poet’s attitude towards life as seen in the last stanza of the poem ‘A Photograph’

Ans. About twenty or thirty years ago the poet’s mother and her two girl cousins. Betty and Dolly enjoyed a sea holiday. Their uncle captured their then images in his camera. The photograph shows the poet’s mother as a girl of about twelve. She had changed a lot. Time spares none. It decays. The poet’s mother too could not escape the effect of time. So her youth and beauty seen in the photograph was her past. For the poet her taughter was lost forever with her death.

Q. 5. “Both wry with the laboured ease of loss.” Elaborate. 

Ans. The poet and his mother both experience a sense of loss.

The poet’s loss is the smile of his mother. The loss of the poet’s mother was her youth and beauty revealed in the photograph taken when she was about twelve and making a sea holiday. The irony of the situation was that both tried to bear the loss easily.

Q. 6. What did the cardboard show?

Ans. The cardboard showed the photograph of his mother when she was about twelve. She along with her two girl cousins Betty were standing at the sea shore while their feet were washed by the sea water. The two cousins stood each holding a hand.of the poet’s mother while their uncle stood at a distance holding a camera.

About the Poem:

The poem is nostalgic in spirit. It describes three stages of the poet’s mother and the poet’s reaction to each state. The photograph shows the poet’s mother standing at the sea beach. She was enjoying a holiday with her two cousins, Betty and Dolly. At that time she was twelve or so. The second stage takes the reader to a stage of twenty or thirty years later. The mother would laugh at the way she and her cousins were dressed. The third stage is related to the death of the poet’s mother. The poet remembers his mother with a sad mind. Thus the photograph revives the memory of his mother and makes him nostalgic.

Summary of the Poem A Photograph

The poet looks at an old photograph showing his mother and her two cousins, Betty and Dolly. The photograph shows the three on a holiday at a sea beach. In the photograph the poet’s mother is a girl of twelve or so. The three of od. the beach smiling. The uncle of the poet’s mother captured them and smiled at the camera. While the three cousins stood at the beach the sen waves washed their transient feet. Time has passed. Twenty or thirty years later the oet looking at the photograph saw how his mother was when she a girl. She pointed out to her cousins how they were dressed in those days for the sea holiday which was now a thing of the past. For the poet the sweet laughter of his mother became a thing of the past. Thus both the mother and the son suffered from a sense of loss. The mother lost her happy moments at the sea beach, the son lost her sweet smile. Both laboured to bear the loss with ease. The mother had died long ago. She had been dead for as many years as she had lived. She had quietly resigned to her fate and the poet has nothing to say.

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